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  1. Placement of nasogastric (NG) tubes is a common procedure for patients especially in intensive care units (ICUs). Thus, it is important to determine the correct placement of the tube to prevent misplacement in...

    Authors: Elahe Heidarzadi, Rostam Jalali, Behzad Hemmatpoor and Nader Salari

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  2. En-bloc resection of large, flat dysplastic mucosal lesions of the luminal GI tract can be challenging. In order to improve the efficacy of resection for lesions ≥2 cm and to optimize R0 resection rates of les...

    Authors: A. Sportes, Jung CFM, M. A. Gromski, P. Koehler, A. Seif Amir Hosseini, P. Kauffmann, V. Ellenrieder and E. Wedi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:195

    Content type: Technical advance

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  3. Selective deep biliary cannulation is the first and the most important step before further biliary therapy. Transpancreatic sphincterotomy (TPS), and needle knife fistulotomy (NKF) were commonly used in patien...

    Authors: Kai-Shun Liang, Chieh-Chang Chen, Wei-Chih Liao, Yu-Ting Kuo, Liang-Wei Tseng, Wen-Tsung He and Hsiu-Po Wang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Recently, a new international bleeding score was developed to predict 30-day hospital mortality in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). However, the efficacy of this newly developed scoring sy...

    Authors: Min Seong Kim, Hee Seok Moon, In Sun Kwon, Jae Ho Park, Ju Seok Kim, Sun Hyung Kang, Jae Kyu Sung, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Seok Lee and Hyun Yong Jeong

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Studies have suggested that patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the available data on this association are inconsistent. This meta-analy...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Lang Chen, Changsheng Xing, Guangtong Deng, Furong Zeng, Tingting Xie, Lei Gu and Huixiang Yang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Constipation is often self-managed by patients and guidelines are available to aid healthcare professionals in the counseling of patients for self-management. Therefore, we have explored the knowledge and atti...

    Authors: Marion Eberlin, Sabine Landes, Doerthe Biber-Feiter and Martin C. Michel

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Non Helicobacter pylori gastric Helicobacters (NHPGHs) are associated with a range of upper gastrointestinal symptoms, histologic and endoscopic findings. For the first time in Iran, we performed a cross-sectiona...

    Authors: Shakiba Shafaie, Hami Kaboosi and Fatemeh Peyravii Ghadikolaii

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Endoscopic biliary stenting by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the most common form of palliation for malignant hilar obstruction. However, ERCP in such cases is associated with a risk...

    Authors: Wen-hui Zhang, Peng-peng Ding, Lei Liu, Yan-ling Wang, Wen-hui Lai, Jing-jing Han, Jun Han and Han-wei Li

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a clinic syndrome with substantial high short-term mortality. It is very important to stratify patients according to prognosis to decide management strategy. This study...

    Authors: Cuicui Xiao, Jiao Gong, Shuguang Zhu, Zhiwei Zhang, Sujuan Xi, Yutian Chong, Yusheng Jie and Qi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Gut microbiota alterations including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) might play a role in pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Rifaximin could effectively and safely improve IBS symptom...

    Authors: Xiaojun Zhuang, Zhenyi Tian, Mei Luo and Lishou Xiong

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a key turning point during the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recent studies have shown that serum miRNA tests may be effective in the diagnosis...

    Authors: Shengliang Xin, Qiao Zhan, Xiaofan Chen, Jinghang Xu and Yanyan Yu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:186

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The prevalence of Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is increasing, a severe complication of EoE is spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus. It is of great importance to be aware of this risk and handle this sev...

    Authors: Helen Larsson and Stephen Attwood

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:185

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Biliary decompression can reduce symptoms and improve quality of life in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. Endoscopically placed stents have become the standard of care for biliary drainage with the...

    Authors: Christopher Lawrence, Jose Nieto, Willis G. Parsons, André Roy, Nalini M. Guda, Stephen E. Steinberg, Muhammad K. Hasan, Juan Carlos Bucobo, Satish Nagula, Nicholas D. Dey and Jonathan M. Buscaglia

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Intravenous iron replacement is recommended for iron-deficient patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but may be associated with hypophosphataemia, predisposing to osteomalacia and fractures. This stu...

    Authors: Wendy Fang, Rachel Kenny, Qurat-ul-Ain Rizvi, Lawrence P. McMahon and Mayur Garg

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by multifocal venous malformations. It remains a considerable challenge in treating the gastrointestinal (GI) venous malformat...

    Authors: Yuemei Xu, Yingjie Wu, Zhenzhen Dai, Feizhen Xia and Feng Xu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Cyanoacrylate alone or in combination with other interventions, can be used to achieve variable rates of success in preventing rebleeding. Our study aims to assess the pooled risk of gastric and esophageal var...

    Authors: Zixuan Hu, Decai Zhang, Joel Swai, Tao Liu and Shaojun Liu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Small bowel (SB) bleeding accounts for 5% of all gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding cases and 80% of obscure GI bleeding cases. Although angioectasia is the common etiology of SB bleeding, nonsteroidal anti-inflam...

    Authors: Doo-Ho Lim, Kyoungwon Jung, Seung Bum Lee, In Kyu Park, Hee Jeong Cha, Jae Ho Park, Byung Gyu Kim, Seok Won Jung, In Du Jeong, Jae Hyun Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Won Moon, Moo In Park and Seun Ja Park

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Indications and diagnostic yield of small-bowel video capsule endoscopy (SB-VCE) are communicated in recent clinical academic guidelines. However, guidelines are based mainly on relatively few, small, selectio...

    Authors: André Artan Kharazmi, Saeid Aslani, Malene Fey Kristiansen, Eva Efsen Dahl and Mark Berner-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:177

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Infection of Echinococcus multilocularis causes in humans the alveolar echinococcosis. Although the infection has world-wide distribution it is rarely detected. Diagnosis of alveococcosis is difficult because of ...

    Authors: Ł. Pielok, M. Karczewski, W. Cierach, P. Zmora, E. Lenartowicz and J. Stefaniak

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The prevalence of Barrett’s esophageal adenocarcinoma (BEA) is increasing in Japan. Accurate assessment of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) after endoscopic resection or surgery is essential in evaluating treatme...

    Authors: Isao Hosono, Ryoji Miyahara, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Kohei Funasaka, Tsunaki Sawada, Keiko Maeda, Takeshi Yamamura, Takuya Ishikawa, Eizaburo Ohno, Masanao Nakamura, Hiroki Kawashima, Takio Yokoi, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Yoshiki Hirooka and Mitsuhiro Fujishiro

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:175

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Currently, side-by-side (SBS) and stent-in-stent (SIS) are the two main techniques for stent deployment to treat hilar biliary obstructions. Previous studies comparing these two techniques are very limited, an...

    Authors: Wei-Zhong Zhou, Sheng Liu, Zheng-Qiang Yang, Yu-Tao Xian, Hong-dou Xu, Jun-zheng Wu and Hai-Bin Shi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Abdominal pain in adults represents a wide range of illnesses, often warranting immediate intervention. This study is to fill the gap in the knowledge about incidence, presentation, causes and mortality from a...

    Authors: Kilalo M. Mjema, Hendry R. Sawe, Irene Kulola, Amour S. Mohamed, Erasto Sylvanus, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Gallbladder carcinogenesis, frequently occurredin chronic cholecystitis patients, requires radical resection. We herein describe a hemorrhagic cholecystitis case that failed to be differentiated from gallbladd...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Chunjun Zhang, Haifeng Huang, Junsen Wang, Yun Zhang and Qida Hu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:172

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Alternative splicing (AS) is an important mechanism of regulating eukaryotic gene expression. Understanding the most common AS events in colorectal cancer (CRC) will help developing diagnostic, prognostic or t...

    Authors: Haifeng Lian, Aili Wang, Yuanyuan Shen, Qian Wang, Zhenru Zhou, Ranran Zhang, Kun Li, Chengxia Liu and Hongtao Jia

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Colitis is generally considered a risk factor for colon neoplasia. However, not all types of colitis seem to have equal neoplastic transformation potential.

    Authors: Hassan Ashktorab, Hassan Brim, Sally Hassan, Mehdi Nouraie, Agazi Gebreselassie, Adeyinka O. Laiyemo, Angesom Kibreab, Farshad Aduli, Giovanni Latella, Steven R. Brant, Zaki Sherif and Aida Habtezion

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) often involves the liver, and belongs to abnormal blood vessel disease. The etiology of Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS) is not clear, but congenital vascular dysplasia is...

    Authors: Bai-Guo Xu, Jing Liang, Ke-Feng Jia and Tao Han

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Diagnosing constipation remains difficult and its treatment continues to be ineffective. The reason may be that the symptom patterns of constipation differ in different demographic groups. We aimed to determin...

    Authors: Sanne J. Verkuijl, Rob J. Meinds, Monika Trzpis and Paul M. A. Broens

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, and germline mutations in SMAD4 or BMPR1A. Due to its rarity and co...

    Authors: Xian Hua Gao, Juan Li, Zi Ye Zhao, Xiao Dong Xu, Yi Qi Du, Hong Li Yan, Lian Jie Liu, Chen Guang Bai and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Case report

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  29. A single-centre cohort study was performed to identify the independent factors associated with the overall survival (OS) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization ...

    Authors: María Pipa-Muñiz, Susana Sanmartino, Alicia Mesa, Carmen Álvarez-Navascués, Maria-Luisa González-Diéguez, Valle Cadahía, José-Eduardo Rodríguez, Florentino Vega, Manuel Rodríguez, Serafin-Marcos Costilla-García and María Varela

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Patients with acute pancreatitis usually exhibit dyslipidemia and oxidative stress. However, the significance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ...

    Authors: Qin Wu, Xi Zhong, Min Fu, Hao Yang, Hong Bo, Xuelian Liao, Zhi Hu, Bo Wang, Zhongwei Zhang, Xiaodong Jin and Yan Kang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Colonoscopy is a routine procedure in diagnosis and treatment of colonic disease. While generally regarded as a safe procedure, potentially fatal complications can occur. Gas gangrene is one such complication,...

    Authors: Lachlan J. Fairley, Samuel L. Smith and Stephen K. Fairley

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Outcomes of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) using Toupet fundoplication (TF) and Stretta radiofrequency (SRF) have not been compared and this study was conducted to compare therapeutic efficacy of the t...

    Authors: Lifeng Ma, Tao Li, Guochao Liu, Jianlong Wang, Zhaoqiang Yin and Jiansheng Kang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Emerging evidence demonstrates that surveillance of individuals at high-risk (HRIs) of developing pancreatic adenocarcinoma allows for identification and treatment of resectable tumors with improved survival. ...

    Authors: Ariel Bar-Mashiah, Anne Aronson, Monica Naparst, Christopher J. DiMaio and Aimee L. Lucas

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The reflux of noxious contents of the stomach may cause oesophageal and extra-oesophageal complications either by direct contact of aspirated gastric refluxate with the upper airway or by a vago-vagal reflex. ...

    Authors: Moses Ayodele Akinola, Titus Ayodeji Oyedele, Kolawole Oluseyi Akande, Olukayode Yinka Oluyemi, Omotayo Felicia Salami, Alaba Moses Adesina and Adedeji David Adebajo

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Post-infectious Irritable Bowel Syndrome (PI-IBS) is a functional bowel disorder which has significant impacts to a patient’s quality of life. No IBS-specific biomarker or treatment regimen for PI-IBS currentl...

    Authors: Erika Austhof, Kenzie Schaefer, Jaime Faulkner, Laura Bach, Mark Riddle and Kristen Pogreba-Brown

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is still performed using two-dimensional (2D) X-ray images. The success rate and risk of complications are considered operator-dependent. We explored perfo...

    Authors: Masao Toki, Hidekatsu Tateishi, Tsubasa Yoshida, Koichi Gondo, Shunsuke Watanabe and Tadakazu Hisamatsu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Intestinal perforation from peritoneal dialysis is rare, but the resulting complications are serious. Some patients do not necessarily have symptoms, and it can be difficult to differentiate their condition fr...

    Authors: Qiuyuan Shao, Yangyang Xia, Qingyan Zhang and Miao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant tumour originating from the gastric mucosa epithelium that seriously threatens human health. DCLK1, miR-15b and lncRNA SNHG1 play potential roles in the occurrence of GC, but...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Liu, Wei-Feng He, Yang-Jie Wu, Shun-Li Zhao, Ling Wang, Yan-Yi Ouyang and San-Yuan Tang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Many studies have found that large tumor suppressor kinase 1 (LATS1) and LATS2 play important roles in many diseases, but studies have been rare on the relationship between these genes and non-cardia gastric c...

    Authors: Li-cong Ma, Xu-yang Tian, Fang Gao, Wen-jie Dong, Tong Dang and Yan-bin Jia

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Indigo naturalis is a Chinese herbal medicine that has currently been used to treat various inflammatory diseases, including ulcerative colitis. Recently, there are several reports concerning severe adverse ev...

    Authors: Byungha Cho, Soon Man Yoon, Seung-Myoung Son, Hyoung Woo Kim, Ki Bae Kim and Sei Jin Youn

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Oesophageal stents have several well-known respiratory complications, including aspiration pneumonia, fistula and airway compression. However, bilateral vocal cord paralysis has rarely been described.

    Authors: Y. Chiche, G. Beltramo, T. Degand, A. Drouillard, C. Foignot, N. Baudouin, P. Bonniaud and M. Georges

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Gastric cancer (GC) is a world health problem and it is the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The current practice for prognosis assessment in GC is based on radiological and pathological criteri...

    Authors: Javad Behroozi, Shirin Shahbazi, Mohammad Reza Bakhtiarizadeh and Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) occurs in 2–25% of nursing home residents, which may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, severe complications and hospitalizations. Research shows that probiotics can be eff...

    Authors: Herman A. van Wietmarschen, Martine Busch, Annemiek van Oostveen, Gerda Pot and Miek C. Jong

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) is widely used for bowel preparation prior to colonoscopies. However, patients often exhibited adverse events as nausea, vomit and distention due to its uncomfortable tastes ...

    Authors: Zong Hao, Lifeng Gong, Qiang Shen, Huipeng Wang, Shaowen Feng, Xin Wang, Yuankun Cai and Jun Chen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) is the most frequently performed procedure for treating benign or malignant biliary obstruction. Although duodenal perforations secondary to the biliary plastic st...

    Authors: Xiaopeng Wang, Junwen Qu and Kewei Li

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are widely used techniques for the treatment of gastric epithelial dysplasia. Previous studies have compared the clinical outcome o...

    Authors: Min Kyung Back, Hee Seok Moon, In Sun Kwon, Jae Ho Park, Ju Seok Kim, Sun Hyung Kang, Jae Kyu Sung, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Seok Lee and Hyun Yong Jeong

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) in elderly population is increasing because of ageing and because of its minimal impact on life span. Data on natural history, outcomes and therapeutic strategies are limited.

    Authors: Irene Zammarchi, Francesco Lanzarotto, Rosanna Cannatelli, Francesca Munari, Federica Benini, Alessandro Pozzi, Alberto Lanzini and Chiara Ricci

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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