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  1. Content type: Research article

    Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is as effective as corticosteroids in inducing remission in children with Crohn’s disease (CD). However, over 50% of these children relapse by 12 months of diagnosis. Thiopuri...

    Authors: Christina Ong, Poh Ting Lim, Veena Logarajah, Maria Janelle Liwanag, Bi Xia Ang, Yuqin Cher, Fang Kuan Chiou and Ajmal Kader

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:185

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Gastric Cancer is highly prevalent and deadly worldwide. In Colombia, it is the most lethal form of cancer. Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms in IL-10, IL-4, and IL-4Rα genes have been associated with an an...

    Authors: Denny Miley Cárdenas, Angie Carolina Sánchez, Daris Angélica Rosas, Esmeralda Rivero, Massiel Dayana Paparoni, Mildred Andreína Cruz, Yeicy Paola Suárez and Nestor Fabián Galvis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:184

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract can be an acute and life-threatening event. For the treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding, it is important to accurately detect gastrointestinal bleeding and to loca...

    Authors: Yoichi Otomi, Hideki Otsuka, Kaori Terazawa, Moriaki Yamanaka, Yuki Obama, Maki Arase, Maki Otomo, Saho Irahara, Michiko Kubo, Naoto Uyama, Takashi Abe and Masafumi Harada

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:183

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pediatric patients always suffer from chronic pancreatitis (CP), especially those with steatorrhea. This study aimed to identify the incidence of and risk factors for steatorrhea in pediatric CP. To our best k...

    Authors: Lu Hao, Teng Wang, Lin He, Ya-Wei Bi, Di Zhang, Xiang-Peng Zeng, Lei Xin, Jun Pan, Dan Wang, Jun-Tao Ji, Ting-Ting Du, Jin-Huan Lin, Li-Sheng Wang, Wen-Bin Zou, Hui Chen, Ting Xie…

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:182

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  5. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the relationship between liver stiffness and carotid artery elasticity in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. We used an acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technique to measure ...

    Authors: Jing-Hua Li, Ning Zhu, Ying-Bin Min, Xiang-Zhou Shi, Yun-You Duan and Yi-Lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:181

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a relatively rare subtype of cholangiocarcinoma. The study herein gathered experience of surgical treatment for ICC, and aimed to analyze the prognosis of patients who ...

    Authors: Kun-Ming Chan, Chun-Yi Tsai, Chun-Nan Yeh, Ta-Sen Yeh, Wei-Chen Lee, Yi-Yin Jan and Miin-Fu Chen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:180

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Acute decompensation (AD) has been shown to be associated with a high mortality rate for cirrhosis patients. This study aimed to develop a prognostic nomogram to evaluating the individual prognosis for AD of c...

    Authors: Fangyuan Gao, Xiaoshu Li, Gang Wan, Yuxin Li, Qun Zhang, Yao Liu, Huimin Liu, Hai Li and Xianbo Wang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:179

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic liver resection has been regarded as the standard treatment for liver tumors located at the left lateral liver sector. However, few studies have reported the results of laparoscopic left lateral s...

    Authors: Chao-Wei Lee, Hsin-I Tsai, Hao-Tsai Cheng, Wei-Ting Chen, Heng-Yuan Hsu, Chien-Chih Chiu, Yi-Ping Liu, Tsung-Han Wu, Ming-Chin Yu, Wei-Chen Lee and Miin-Fu Chen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:178

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The estimation of the burden of disease attributable to fatty liver requires studies performed in the general population.

    Authors: Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Giorgio Bedogni, Marco Domenicali, Pierluigi Giacomoni, Anna Chiara Dall’Aglio, Francesca Dazzani, Arianna Lanzi, Fabio Conti, Sara Savini, Gaia Saini, Mauro Bernardi, Pietro Andreone, Amalia Gastaldelli, Andrea Casadei Gardini, Claudio Tiribelli, Stefano Bellentani…

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:177

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is one of the most frequent complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the impact of Braun enteroenterostomy on DGE following pancreati...

    Authors: Yanming Zhou, Bin Hu, Kongyuan Wei and Xiaoying Si

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:176

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Hepatic arterioportal shunt (A-P shunt) is defined as the direct blood flow established between hepatic artery and portal venous system; it is frequently observed in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC...

    Authors: Huiyong Wu, Wei Zhao, Jianbo Zhang, Jianjun Han and Shuguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:174

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chronic autoimmune atrophic gastritis (CAAG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hypo/achlorhydria. A role of CAAG in the pathogenesis of nutritional deficiencies has been reported, therefore we hypothes...

    Authors: Sara Massironi, Federica Cavalcoli, Alessandra Zilli, Alessandro Del Gobbo, Clorinda Ciafardini, Susanna Bernasconi, Irene Felicetta, Dario Conte and Maddalena Peracchi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:172

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Associations between colorectal cancer and microbiota have been identified. Archived fecal samples might be valuable sample sources for investigating causality in carcinogenesis and biomarkers discovery due to...

    Authors: Trine B. Rounge, Roger Meisal, Jan Inge Nordby, Ole Herman Ambur, Thomas de Lange and Geir Hoff

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:171

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The adequacy of pre-procedure preparation is the principal determinant of the quality of colonoscopy in pediatric as in adult patients. There is a lack of consensus, among providers on a standard pre-procedure...

    Authors: Ashwath S. Kumar, Brooke L. Beutler and Thomas M. Attard

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:170

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a form of cancer that easily aggress to contiguous structures. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) are increased in majority species of cancers an...

    Authors: Manping Huang, Bin Huang, Guowen Li and Sainan Zeng

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:169

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Patients with potentially resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are frequently found to be unresectable on exploration due to small distant metastasis. This study was to investigate predictors of ...

    Authors: Xinchun Liu, Yue Fu, Qiuyang Chen, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao and Jishu Wei

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:168

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Alterations of the small-intestinal permeability (s-IP) might play an essential role in both diarrhoea-predominant IBS (D-IBS) and celiac disease (CD) patients. Our aims were to analyse in D-IBS patients the s...

    Authors: Michele Linsalata, Giuseppe Riezzo, Benedetta D’Attoma, Caterina Clemente, Antonella Orlando and Francesco Russo

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:167

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) often requires deep sedation. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist with sedative activity and minimal effects on respiration, has re...

    Authors: Osamu Inatomi, Takayuki Imai, Takehide Fujimoto, Kenichiro Takahashi, Yoshihiro Yokota, Noriaki Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida, Shigeki Bamba, Mitsushige Sugimoto and Akira Andoh

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:166

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of liver-related events, cardiovascular events and type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with histopathologically confirmed NAFLD remains unclear.

    Authors: Norio Akuta, Yusuke Kawamura, Yasuji Arase, Satoshi Saitoh, Shunichiro Fujiyama, Hitomi Sezaki, Tetsuya Hosaka, Masahiro Kobayashi, Mariko Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Fumitaka Suzuki, Kenji Ikeda and Hiromitsu Kumada

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:165

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Clinical severity and intestinal lesions of Crohn’s disease (CD) usually progress over time and require a step up adjustment of the therapy either to prevent or to treat complications. The aim of the study was...

    Authors: Nadia Pallotta, Giuseppina Vincoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Maurizio Giovannone, Alessandro Gigliozzi, Danilo Badiali, Piero Vernia and Enrico Stefano Corazziari

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:164

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is one of the most frequently performed procedures for the treatment of biliary-pancreatic diseases. The most frequent complications of ERCP include pancre...

    Authors: Yangbei Zhu, Shuling Wang, Shengbing Zhao, Lin Qi, Zhaoshen Li and Yu Bai

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:163

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  22. Content type: Case report

    The diagnosis of Coeliac disease (CD) requires a combination of sign/symptoms, positivity of specific antibodies and duodenal histological evidence of villous atrophy. Duodenal villous atrophy, despite represe...

    Authors: Vito Domenico Corleto, Vincenza Patrizia Di Marino, Gloria Galli, Giulio Antonelli, Chiara Coluccio, Arcangelo Di Cerbo, Stefania Uccini and Bruno Annibale

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:162

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Macrocytic anemia is common in liver disease. However, its role in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related decompensated cirrhosis remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between...

    Authors: Jian Yang, Bin Yan, Lihong Yang, Huimin Li, Yajuan Fan, Feng Zhu, Jie Zheng and Xiancang Ma

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:161

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Gallbladder Polyps (GBP) are highly prevalent in China; however, the etiology of GBP has not been clearly defined. This study explored the associations between lifestyle factors and GBP and whether it mediated...

    Authors: Song Leng, Ai Zhao, Qiang Li, Leilei Pei, Wei Zheng, Rui Liang and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:159

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The elderly population presents higher morbidity of H. pylori associated diseases in proximal stomach. The specific pathogenesis and mechanism have not been clearly addressed. The gastric environment for H. pylor...

    Authors: Huiying Shi, Hanhua Xiong, Wei Qian and Rong Lin

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:158

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Advanced pancreatic cancer is accompanied not only by bile duct obstruction, but also occasionally by duodenal obstruction. With new advances in chemotherapy and improvement in the management of stent dysfunct...

    Authors: Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Shigeru Horiguchi, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Yosuke Saragai, Saimon Takada, Sho Mizukawa, Shinichiro Muro, Daisuke Uchida, Takeshi Tomoda and Hiroyuki Okada

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:157

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Symptom based referral criteria for colorectal cancer (CRC) detection are the cornerstone of the strategy to improve prognosis in CRC. In 2017, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) upda...

    Authors: Jesús-Miguel Herrero, Pablo Vega, María Salve, Luis Bujanda and Joaquín Cubiella

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:155

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Perioperative serum potassium levels are closely associated with postoperative clinical outcomes after gastrointestinal surgery. The aim of our retrospective study was to identify the prevalence and risk facto...

    Authors: Qianqian Zhu, Xianlong Li, Fang Tan, Yingqing Deng, Chulian Gong, Jingping Hu, Pinjie Huang and Shaoli Zhou

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:152

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) may facilitate tissue acquisition for a definitive diagnosis of gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors (SETs). This study aimed to determine the di...

    Authors: Do Hoon Kim, Gwang Ha Kim, Chang Min Cho, Chang Hwan Park, Soo-Young Na, Tae Hyeon Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Ji Hyun Kim and Dong-Wan Seo

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:151

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To overcome duodenobiliary reflux induced by biliary stents, antireflux valve (ARV) biliary stents have been developed and showed improvement in stent patency. However, negative study results have also been re...

    Authors: Chang-Il Kwon, Jong Pil Moon, Ho Yun, Seok Jeong, Dong Hee Koh, Woo Jung Lee, Kwang Hyun Ko and Dae Hwan Kang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:150

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal complications are the main cause of death in patients with mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE). Available treatments often restore biochemical homeostasis, but fail t...

    Authors: Rana Yadak, Max V. Boot, Niek P. van Til, Dominique Cazals-Hatem, Armin Finkenstedt, Elly Bogaerts, Irenaeus F. de Coo and Marianna Bugiani

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:149

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Existing data about the prognostic value of absolute count of blood cells in gastric cancer was limited. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the prognostic value of absolute count of white blood cell (...

    Authors: Fan Feng, Gaozan Zheng, Qiao Wang, Shushang Liu, Zhen Liu, Guanghui Xu, Fei Wang, Man Guo, Xiao Lian and Hongwei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:148

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This study is to investigate the association between the hepatic expression of Yin Yang 1 (YY1) and the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

    Authors: Xianwen Yuan, Jun Chen, Qi Cheng, Yinjuan Zhao, Pengzi Zhang, Xiaoyan Shao, Yan Bi, Xiaolei Shi, Yitao Ding, Xitai Sun and Bin Xue

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:147

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to study the epidemiology and risk factors, including exposure to emotional stress, for constipation in Indonesian children and adolescents of 10–17 year age group.

    Authors: Hanifah Oswari, Fatima Safira Alatas, Badriul Hegar, William Cheng, Arnesya Pramadyani, Marc Alexander Benninga and Shaman Rajindrajith

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:146

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Pyogenic liver abscess(PLA) has become common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), but it is unclear whether differences exist between patients with and without DM. A retrospective study was performed to i...

    Authors: Wenfei Li, Hongjie Chen, Shuai Wu and Jie Peng

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:144

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) is a common complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. To our knowledge no study has systematically reported the risk factors for the formation, intervention and recurrence of ...

    Authors: Jie-hui Tan, Lei Zhou, Rong-chang Cao and Guo-wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:143

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently prescribed drugs and can cause drug-induced liver injury. Although patients with drug-induced liver injury from NSAIDs often recover spontaneously,...

    Authors: Wen Xie, Qi Wang, Yuanjiao Gao and Calvin Q. Pan

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:142

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  38. Content type: Research article

    With the rising demands for pancreas transplantation, surgeons are trying to extend the donors pool and set up a more appropriate assessment system. We aim to evaluate the effect of donor hypertension on recip...

    Authors: Zhen-Hua Hu, Yang-Jun Gu, Wen-Qi Qiu, Jie Xiang, Zhi-Wei Li, Jie Zhou and Shu-Sen Zheng

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:141

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Vedolizumab is safe and effective in adult patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC); however, data in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are scarce. Therefore, we evaluated ve...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Schneider, Daniel Weghuber, Benjamin Hetzer, Andreas Entenmann, Thomas Müller, Georg Zimmermann, Sebastian Schütz, Wolf-Dietrich Huber and Judith Pichler

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:140

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Early onset pancreatic cancer (EOPC), i.e. pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) occurring in patients below 50 years of age, is rare and there is limited information regarding risk factors, molecular basis ...

    Authors: Chara Ntala, Silvana Debernardi, Roger M. Feakins and Tatjana Crnogorac-Jurcevic

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:139

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the recommended treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients at Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) B-stage, whereas sorafenib is an orally administered smal...

    Authors: Lin Li, Wenzhuo Zhao, Mengmeng Wang, Jie Hu, Enxin Wang, Yan Zhao and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:138

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although tolvaptan treatment improves hyponatremia, only few studies have investigated whether tolvaptan actually benefits the survival of cirrhotic patients. This study evaluated the impact of tolvaptan on si...

    Authors: Shuzhen Wang, Xin Zhang, Tao Han, Wen Xie, Yonggang Li, Hong Ma, Roman Liebe, Honglei Weng and Hui-Guo Ding

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:137

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  43. Content type: Case report

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized autoimmune systemic disorder characterized by elevated levels of serum IgG4 and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasmacytes in the affected organs. T...

    Authors: Xuexue Deng, Ronghua Fang, Jianshu Zhang and Rongqiong Li

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:136

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