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  1. Content type: Research article

    Previous results have shown that in rats with non-ascitic cirrhosis there is an altered transport of sugars and amino acids associated with elongated microvilli. These alterations returned to normal with the a...

    Authors: Inma Castilla-Cortázar, María Pascual, Elena Urdaneta, Javier Pardo, Juan Enrique Puche, Bárbara Vivas, Amelia Díaz-Casares, María García, Matías Díaz-Sánchez, Isabel Varela-Nieto, Alberto Castilla and Salvador González-Barón

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:12

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  2. Content type: Research article

    After perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus, infants of anti-HBe positive HBsAg carrier mothers may develop fulminant hepatitis B. Previously it has been suggested, that fulminant hepatitis B in adults w...

    Authors: Michael Friedt, Patrick Gerner, Philip Wintermeyer and Stefan Wirth

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:11

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Celiac disease is a common cause of chronic diarrhea and malabsorption syndrome all over the world. Though it was considered uncommon in India in past, it is being described frequently recently. Some patients ...

    Authors: Uday C Ghoshal, Ujjala Ghoshal, Asha Misra and Gourdas Choudhuri

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:10

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although lateral internal sphincterotomy is the gold-standard treatment for chronic anal fissure, intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin seems to be a reliable new option. The aim of this non-randomized...

    Authors: Adnan Giral, Kemal Memişoğlu, Yücel Gültekin, Neşe İmeryüz, Cem Kalaycı, Nefise B Ulusoy and Nurdan Tözün

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:7

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Experimental studies have shown that luminal antigens are involved in chronic intestinal inflammatory disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Alteration of the intestinal microflora by antibi...

    Authors: Michael Schultz, Antje Timmer, Hans H Herfarth, R Balfour Sartor, Jon A Vanderhoof and Heiko C Rath

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:5

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  6. Content type: Research article

    ML 3000 ([2,2-dimethyl-6-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolizine-5-yl]-acetic acid) is an inhibitor of both cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase in vitro, and shows promise as a novel non-steroidal a...

    Authors: Adam J Smolka, James R Goldenring, Sandeep Gupta and Charles E Hammond

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:4

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Infections caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are considered to be important health problems worldwide. The purpose of this study was to measure the general practitioners (GPs)' basi...

    Authors: Yildiz Peksen, Sevgi Canbaz, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Mustafa Sunbul, Saban Esen and Ahmet Tevfik Sunter

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:3

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Patients with new onset constipation or presumed hemorrhoid bleeding frequently require the use of both fiber supplements and diagnostic colonoscopy. We sought to determine whether preliminary fiber supplement...

    Authors: Walter A Salwen and Marc D Basson

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:2

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Xanthine oxidoreductase has been proposed to play a role in the development of local and systemic effects of acute pancreatitis. Under physiologic conditions, the enzyme exists mainly as xanthine dehydrogenase...

    Authors: Susana Granell, Oriol Bulbena, Meritxell Genesca, Luis Sabater, Juan Sastre, Emilio Gelpi and Daniel Closa

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:1

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Biliary ascariasis is regarded as possible etiological factor for hepatolithiasis. Here we report one case of a patient with hepatolithiasis with biliary ascariasis who developed a liver abscess, which was tre...

    Authors: KS Pilankar, AD Amarapurkar, RM Joshi, TS Shetty, AS Khithani and VV Chemburkar

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:35

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The role of mutations in the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) gene in chronic pancreatitis is still a matter of debate. Active SPINK1 is thought to antagonize activated trypsin. Cases of SPINK1 mut...

    Authors: Peter Felderbauer, Peter Hoffmann, Henrik Einwächter, Kerem Bulut, Nikolaus Ansorge, Frank Schmitz and Wolfgang E Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:34

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Gastroenterology 2004 4:6

  12. Content type: Research article

    Studies on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of chronic liver patients were performed in clinical populations. These studies included various disease stages but small variations in aetiology and no transp...

    Authors: Simone M van der Plas, Bettina E Hansen, Josien B de Boer, Theo Stijnen, Jan Passchier, Robert A de Man and Solko W Schalm

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:33

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori is a Gram negative bacterium that plays a central role in the etiology of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases. However, not all H. pylori positive cases develop advanced disease. This...

    Authors: Awasthi Shanjana and Ayyagari Archana

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:31

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Primary adenocarcinomas of the appendix are uncommon. Mucoceles that result from mucinous adenocarcinomas of the appendix may be incidentally detected on imaging.

    Authors: Michail Pitiakoudis, Paraskevi I Argyropoulou, Alexandra K Tsaroucha, Panos Prassopoulos and Constantinos Simopoulos

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:30

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a key mediator in establishing liver fibrosis. Therefore, TGF-β as a causative agent may serve as a primary target for antifibrotic gene therapy approaches. We have prev...

    Authors: Monica Arias, Sibille Sauer-Lehnen, Jens Treptau, Nora Janoschek, Ingo Theuerkauf, Reinhard Buettner, Axel M Gressner and Ralf Weiskirchen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:29

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Although several studies have been performed on risk factors and natural course of NASH, it seems that NASH tends to be more than a disease confined to strict boundaries. The objective of this study was to ass...

    Authors: Hossein Bahrami, Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani, Shahram Mirmomen, Farin Kamangar, Babak Haghpanah and Mehdi Djalili

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:27

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Botulinum toxin blocks acetylcholine release from nerve endings and acts as a long term, reversible inhibitor of muscle contraction as well as of salivary, sweat gland, adrenal and prostatic secretions. The ai...

    Authors: Matteo Runfola, Simone Rossi, Simona Panunzi, Pier Luigi Spada and Daniele Gui

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:26

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  18. Content type: Research article

    p8 is a DNA-binding protein induced in many tissues in response to LPS treatment. Hence, p8 could be a mediator of LPS-associated effects or, on the contrary, p8 expression may be part of the protective mechan...

    Authors: Sophie Vasseur, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Andrés Garcia-Montero, Marc Barthet, Laure Saint-Michel, Patrice Berthézène, Fritz Fiedler, Daniel Closa, Jean Charles Dagorn and Juan Lucio Iovanna

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:25

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Evidence based medicine depends on unbiased selection of completed randomized controlled trials. For completeness it is important to publish all trials. This report describes the first large randomised control...

    Authors: Bart J Veldt, Johannes T Brouwer, Michael Adler, Frederik Nevens, Peter Michielsen, Jean Delwaide, Bettina E Hansen and Solko W Schalm

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:24

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Anal sphincter defects have been shown to increase pressure asymmetry within the anal canal in patients with fecal incontinence. However, this correlation is far from perfect, and other factors may play a role...

    Authors: Henri Damon, Luc Henry, Sabine Roman, Xavier Barth and François Mion

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:23

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Since esophageal variceal bleeding is associated with a high mortality rate, prevention of bleeding might be expected to result in improved survival. The first trials to evaluate prophylactic sclerotherapy fou...

    Authors: Henk R van Buuren, Marijke C Rasch, Piet L Batenburg, Clemens JM Bolwerk, Jan J Nicolai, Sjoerd DJ van der Werf, Joost Scherpenisse, Lidia R Arends, Jan van Hattum, Erik AJ Rauws and Solko W Schalm

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:22

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of primary resistance of Brazilian H. pylori isolates to metronidazole, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, and furazolidone. In addition, the vacA, iceA, cagA an...

    Authors: Anita Paula Ortiz Godoy, Marcelo Lima Ribeiro, Yune Helena Borges Benvengo, Lea Vitiello, Maira de Carvalho Bueno Miranda, Sergio Mendonça and José Pedrazzoli Jr

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:20

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies in South East Asia. Although activation of the MEK-MAPK is often associated with cellular growth, the role of MEK-MAPK in growth and surviv...

    Authors: Hung Huynh, Thi Thanh Tuyen Nguyen, Kah-Hoe Kah-Pierce Chow, Puay Hoon Tan, Khee Chee Soo and Evelyne Tran

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:19

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Although endometriosis with sigmoid serosal involvement is not uncommon in women of childbearing age, the mucosal involvement is rare and differential diagnosis from colon cancer may be difficult due to the la...

    Authors: Philippos Dimoulios, Ioannis E Koutroubakis, Maria Tzardi, Pavlos Antoniou, Ioannis M Matalliotakis and Elias A Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:18

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  25. Content type: Research article

    We previously identified eight known and novel genes differentially expressed in the small intestines of wild type and W/W V mice, which have greatly reduced populations of ...

    Authors: Yataro Daigo, Ichiro Takayama, Bruce AJ Ponder, Carlos Caldas, Sean M Ward, Kenton M Sanders and Masayuki A Fujino

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:17

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is currently implemented in many countries. Since endoscopes cannot be sterilised, the transmission of infectious agents through endoscopes has been a matter of con...

    Authors: Michael Bretthauer, Anita Jørgensen, Bjørn Erik Kristiansen, Bjørn Hofstad and Geir Hoff

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:15

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The muscle layers of murine gastric fundus have no interstitial cells of Cajal at the level of the myenteric plexus and only possess intramuscular interstitial cells and this tissue does not generate electric ...

    Authors: Yataro Daigo, Ichiro Takayama, Bruce AJ Ponder, Carlos Caldas, Sean M Ward, Kenton M Sanders and Masayuki A Fujino

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:14

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Phytobezoar may be a cause of bowel obstruction in patients with previous gastric surgery. Most bezoars are concretions of poorly digested food, which are usually formed initially in the stomach. Intestinal ob...

    Authors: Michail Pitiakoudis, Alexandra Tsaroucha, Konstantinos Mimidis, Theodoros Constantinidis, Stavros Anagnostoulis, George Stathopoulos and Constantinos Simopoulos

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:13

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Most of the previous studies regarding the effects of gel-forming fibres have considered the gastric emptying of liquid or solid meals after the addition of pectin or guar gum. The influence of locust bean gum...

    Authors: Gassan Darwiche, Ola Björgell and Lars-olof Almér

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:12

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Since its introduction in the early 1980s, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy has become the most popular method for performing a gastrostomy for long-term enteral feeding. It has been associated, however, wi...

    Authors: Kalliopi Papakonstantinou, Athanasios Karagiannis, Maria Tsirantonaki, Anastasios Konstantinidis, Spiros Spirou, Ion Skottis and Andreas Karabinis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:11

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Various causes of malabsorption syndrome (MAS) are associated with intestinal stasis that may cause small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Frequency, nature and antibiotic sensitivity of SIBO in patient...

    Authors: Ujjala Ghoshal, Uday C Ghoshal, Piyush Ranjan, Subhash R Naik and Archana Ayyagari

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:9

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Celiac disease may manifest with a variety of symptoms which can result in delays in diagnosis. Celiac disease is associated with a number of other medical conditions. The last national survey of members of th...

    Authors: Ann Cranney, Marion Zarkadas, Ian D Graham and Connie Switzer

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:8

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic accuracy of Child-Pugh and APACHE II and III scoring systems in predicting short-term, hospital mortality of patients with liver cirrhosis.

    Authors: Constantinos Chatzicostas, Maria Roussomoustakaki, Georgios Notas, Ioannis G Vlachonikolis, Demetrios Samonakis, John Romanos, Emmanouel Vardas and Elias A Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:7

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Gastric tuberculosis is rare, and usually associated with pulmonary tuberculosis or an immunodeficient state. Here, we report five cases of gastric tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients without evidence of ...

    Authors: Deepak N Amarapurkar, Nikhil D Patel and Anjali D Amarapurkar

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:6

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Proper histomorphological interpretation of intestinal acute graft versus host disease (A-GVHD) associated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is critical for clinical managaement. However, studi...

    Authors: Vinod B Shidham, Chung-Che Chang, Ganesh Shidham, Farrukh Ghazala, Paul F Lindholm, Bal Kampalath, Varghese George and Richard Komorowski

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:5

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  36. Content type: Case report

    The peculiar anatomy of pancreatic ducts in pancreas divisum (PD) may interfere with the development of acute chronic pancreatitis. In the presented case, PD influenced the evolution of lesions after pancreati...

    Authors: Evangelia G Chryssou, Panos Prassopoulos, John Mouzas, Thomas G Maris and Nicholas Gourtsoyiannis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:4

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Enhanced expression of MAdCAM-1 (mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1) is associated with the onset and progression of inflammatory bowel disease. The clinical significance of elevated MAdCAM-1 expressio...

    Authors: Makoto Sasaki, Paul Jordan, Jeff Houghton, Xianmin Meng, Makoto Itoh, Takashi Joh and J Steven Alexander

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:3

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenu...

    Authors: Mohammed Ibrarullah and Gajanan D Wagholikar

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:2

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In addition to immune cells, many other cell types are known to produce cytokines. Cultured normal mouse gallbladder epithelial cells, used as a model system for gallbladder epithelium, were examined for their...

    Authors: Christopher E Savard, Thane A Blinman, Ho-Soon Choi, Sung-Koo Lee, Stephen J Pandol and Sum P Lee

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:23

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Previous work has suggested that in the liver, adenosine preconditioning is mediated by nitric oxide. Whether the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase plays a part in this mechanism has however not yet...

    Authors: Ferdinand Serracino-Inglott, Ioannis T Virlos, Nagy A Habib, Robin CN Williamson and Robert T Mathie

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:22

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