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Table 3 Predictors of poor outcomes in UC

From: Changing phenotype, early clinical course and clinical predictors of inflammatory bowel disease in Sri Lanka: a retrospective, tertiary care-based, multi-centre study

Characteristic Complicated disease Treatment refractory disease
Male gender 1.23 (0.77–1.95) 0.88 (0.43–1.78)
Age < 30 years  
30–50 years 0.62 (0.32–1.22) 0.99 (0.41–2.42)
 > 50 years 0.48 (0.24–0.96) 0.69 (0.26–1.79)
Having tertiary education 1.71 (0.93–3.14) 1.22 (0.51–2.91)
Employed 1.77 (0.73–1.89) 1.34 (0.66–2.74)
Ever smoker 0.90 (0.44–1.86) 2.11 (0.83–5.37)
Appendicectomy 0 .57 (0.06–5.21) 1.98 (0.43–9.06)
Family history of IBD 3.35 (1.32–8.47) 1.16 (0.26–5.14)
Diagnosed after 2009 0.76 (0.47–1.21) 1.54 (0.68–3.49)
Diabetes 0.66 (0.33–1.34) 9 .99(0.34–2.92)
Obesity (BMI > 25) 0.86 (0.52–1.42) 1.8 (0.89–3.69)
Extra intestinal 1.76 (1.09–2.83) 2.20 (1.08–4.48)
Severe disease at presentation 2.22 (1.17–4.20) 2.25(0.97–5.22)
  1. Expressed as odds ratio (OR) and standard deviation (SD)
  2. Bold values indicate significant at p < 0.05