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Table 2 Factors associated with “key knowledge” about liver disease

From: Poor disease knowledge is associated with higher healthcare service use and costs among patients with cirrhosis: an exploratory study

  Poor knowledge N = 51 (%) Good knowledge N = 72 (%) OR (95%CI) Adjusted-OR (95%CI)*
Age group     
18–64 years 25 (49%) 50 (69%) 1.00 1.00
≥ 65 years 26 (51%) 22 (31%) 0.42 (0.20–0.89) 0.46 (0.19–1.14)
Gender     
Female 20 (39%) 22 (31%) 1.00 1.00
Male 31 (61%) 50 (69%) 1.47 (0.69–3.12) 1.46 (0.57–3.77)
Indigenous status     
Non-indigenous 44 (86%) 66 (92%) 1.00 1.00
Indigenous 7 (14%) 6 (8%) 0.57 (0.18–1.82) 0.78 (0.25–2.45)
Education     
Junior high school or less 36 (71%) 22 (31%) 1.00 1.00
Senior high school or more (e.g. trade qualification, university degree) 15 (29%) 50 (69%) 5.45 (2.48–11.98) 5.55 (2.40–12.84)
Socioeconomic status     
Q1 most affluent/Q2 16 (31%) 37 (51%) 1.00‡ 1.00
Q3 10 (20%) 6 (8%) 0.26 (0.08–0.84) 0.24 (0.06–0.91)
Q4/ Q5 most disadvantage 25 (49%) 29 (40%) 0.50 (0.22–1.11) 0.47 (0.19–1.12)
Presence of complications of cirrhosis     
Compensated 39 (76%) 48 (67%) 1.00 1.00
Decompensated 12 (24%) 24 (33%) 1.63 (0.72–3.67) 1.85 (0.77–4.43)
Duration of cirrhosis relative to recruitment in the CirCare study     
Diagnosed < 1 year prior 11 (22%) 14 (19%) 1.00‡ 1.00
Diagnosed 2–3 years prior 14 (27%) 18 (25%) 1.01 (0.35–2.91) 1.46 (0.40–5.36)
Diagnosed > 3 years prior 10 (20%) 18 (25%) 1.41 (0.47–4.29) 2.17 (0.56–8.40)
Unknown 16 (31%) 22 (31%) 1.08 (0.39–3.01) 1.06 (0.33–3.38)
  1. Data presented as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The vce(robust) option was used to obtain robust standard errors for the parameter estimates to control for mild violations of underlying assumptions
  2. *Multivariable logistic regression model included education level, socioeconomic status, age, presence of complications of cirrhosis and duration of cirrhosis
  3. p value > 0.05