Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the included 105 patients and comparison of factors between patients with and without severe PHLF

From: Comparative study of indocyanine green (ICG)-R15 and Albumin-Indocyanine Green Evaluation (ALICE) grading system in the prediction of posthepatectomy liver failure and postoperative mortality in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis

   Severe PHLF   
Characteristics All patients (n = 105) No (n = 71) Yes (n = 34) P value
Sex, male 44 (41.9%) 34 (47.9%) 10 (29.4%) 0.073
Age, year 39 ± 13 39 ± 13 41 ± 12 0.485
BMI, kg/m2 22.2 ± 3.0 22.5 ± 3.0 21.6 ± 3.0 0.156
Positive HBsAg 45 (42.9%) 30 (42.3%) 15 (44.1%) 0.857
Serum albumin, g/L 35.7 ± 4.5 36.9 ± 3.9 33.2 ± 4.7  < 0.001
Total bilirubin, μmol/L 15.4 ± 13.9 11.6 ± 9.0 23.2 ± 18.4  < 0.001
INR 1.10 ± 0.21 1.07 ± 0.22 1.15 ± 0.18  < 0.001
Platelet count, 109/L 260 ± 91 262 ± 92 254 ± 90 0.706
Child–Pugh grade      < 0.001
A 76 (72.4%) 62 (81.6%) 14 (18.4%)  
B 28 (26.7%) 9 (32.1%) 19 (67.9%)  
C 1 (0.9%) 0 (0%) 1 (100%)  
ICG-R15, % 6.1 ± 5.4 4.1 ± 3.6 10.3 ± 6.3  < 0.001
ALICE grade      < 0.001
Grade 1 57 (54.3%) 53 (93.0%) 4 (7.0%)  
Grade 2 40 (38.1%) 17 (42.5%) 23 (57.5%)  
Grade 3 8 (7.6%) 1 (12.5%) 7 (87.5%)  
lesion size, cm 10.4 ± 5.0 8.9 ± 3.8 13.5 ± 5.9  < 0.001
operative time, hour 6.7 ± 3.1 5.6 ± 2.4 9.0 ± 3.0  < 0.001
Lesion number 0.003
Single 40 (38.1%) 34 (85.0%) 6 (15.0%)  
Multiple 65 (61.9%) 37 (56.9%) 28 (43.1%)  
Extent of hepatectomy 0.001
Minor resection 27 (25.7%) 25 (92.6%) 2 (7.4%)  
Major resection 78 (74.3%) 46 (59.0%) 32 (41.0%)  
Blood loss  < 0.001
 < 500 mL 41 (39.0%) 37 (90.2%) 4 (9.8%)  
 ≥ 500 mL 64 (61.0%) 34 (53.1%) 30 (46.9%)  
  1. BMI Body Mass Index; INR international normalized ratio; ICG indocyanine green; ICG‐R15 ICG retention test at 15 min; ACLICE score Albumin-Indocyanine Green Evaluation score