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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the screening participants stratified by the results of the PG tests

From: Brand interchangeability of pepsinogen tests in the real-world setting after eradication of Helicobacter pylori: a community-based study

Screening participants Participants (n = 5117) Negative result (n = 4833) Positive result* (n = 284) P value
Mean age, years (SD; range) 55.0 (12.9; 30–100) 54.8 (12.9; 30–100) 58.1 (13.5; 30–96) < 0.001
Male sex, no. (%) 2510 (49.1) 2364 (48.4) 146 (51.4) 0.33
Body mass index, kg/m2 (SD; range) 25.1 (4.0; 14.6–52.1) 25.1 (4.0; 14.6–52.1) 25.1 (3.9; 15.8–37.5) 0.93
Social habits, no. (%)
 Current smoker 752 (14.7) 708 (14.6) 44 (15.5) 0.68
 Regular alcohol drinking 320 (6.3) 307 (6.3) 13 (4.6) 0.25
 Betel nut chewing 221 (4.3) 208 (4.3) 13 (4.6) 0.81
Medical history, no. (%)
 Hypertension 1553 (30.3) 1443 (29.9) 110 (38.7) 0.002
 Diabetes mellitus 464 (9.1) 441 (9.1) 23 (8.1) 0.57
 Hyperlipidemia 375 (7.3) 346 (7.2) 29 (10.2) 0.06
 Cardiovascular disease 269 (5.3) 253 (5.2) 16 (5.6) 0.77
 Stroke 30 (0.6) 29 (0.6) 1 (0.4) 0.67
 Chronic hepatitis B 626 (12.2) 586 (12.1) 40 (14.1) 0.32
 Chronic hepatitis C 27 (0.5) 24 (0.5) 3 (1.1) 0.18
 Chronic kidney disease 56 (1.1) 54 (1.1) 2 (0.7) 0.53
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. *Test positives for either GastroPanel (Biohit HealthCare, Helsinki, Finland) or LZ-Test (Eiken Chemical Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan)
  3. P < 0.05 in the comparison between the test positives and negatives