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Table 4 Relation between demographic and clinical characteristics and the quality index obtained from the IQCARO QoC Decalogue

From: Factors associated with quality of care in inflammatory bowel diseases: a view from patient’s side using the IQCARO quality of care decalogue

  n Quality index – mean (SD) Quality index – Spearman’s correlation p value
Sex*     0.003
 Male 276 8.4 (2.2)   
 Female 463 7.9 (2.6)   
Age (years)#    0.166 <0.001
Educational background*     0.053
 High 312 7.9 (2.6)   
 Medium/low 429 8.2 (2.4)   
Current employment status&     0.004
 Employed 409 8.2 (2.3)   
 Work disabled 97 7.9 (2.8)   
 Unemployed 87 7.3 (2.7)   
Type of IBD*     0.523
 Crohn’s disease 428 8.1 (2.4)   
 Ulcerative Colitis 308 8.1 (2.4)   
Number of years since diagnosis#    0.116 0.002
Follow-up performed by a digestive specialist*     <0.001
 Yes 713 8.2 (2.3)   
 No 31 4.5 (3.2)   
Type of doctor that routinely monitors the patient*     
 Specialized gastroenterologist 569 8.5 (2.2)   <0.001
 General gastroenterologist 153 7.1 (2.7)   
Number of scheduled visits in the last year#    0.086 0.024
History of surgery*     0.314
 Yes 255 8.2 (2.3)   
 No 488 8.0 (2.5)   
Number of surgical interventions#    -0.027 0.675
Ostomy *     0.272
 Yes 255 8.2 (2.3)   
 No 488 8.0 (2.5)   
Self-reported disease activity in the preceding year*     <0.001
 Inactive/mild 434 8.5 (2.1)   
 Moderate/severe 307 7.5 (7.5)   
Self-reported disease control in the last two weeks&     0.01
 Well controlled 513 8.8 (1.9)   
 Partially controlled 168 6.8 (2.8)   
 Poorly controlled 58 5.9 (2.8)   
Self-reported number of flares in the last year#    -0.188 <0.001
Number of admissions due to IBD in the last year#    -0.082 0.027
Number of emergency/unscheduled visits due to IBD in the preceding year#    -0.244 <0.001
Centre size (number of beds)     0.236
 ≤200 50 7.7 (2.6)   
 201–500 170 8.0 (2.5)   
 501–1000 321 8.3 (2.3)   
 >1000 178 8.0 (2.4)   
  1. Percentages do not always add up to 100% because some patient responses may be missing.
  2. IBD inflammatory bowel disease, QoC quality of care, SD standard deviation
  3. Statistical test used: *Mann-Whitney test; &Kruskal-Wallis test ; # Spearman’s correlation