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Table 3 Basic demographic data of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma of different BCLC stages between surgical resection and non-surgical resection

From: Surgical resection significantly promotes the overall survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a propensity score matching analysis

Variable BCLC stage 0 (N = 66) BCLC stage A (N = 865) BCLC stage B (N = 575) BCLC stage C (N = 810)
SR (N = 27) Non-SR (n = 39) value SR
(N = 289)
Non-SR (N = 576) value SR
(N = 164)
Non-SR (N = 411) value SR (N = 58) Non-SR (N = 752) P value
Male 21 (77.8) 25 (64.1) 0.235 225 (77.9) 380 (66) 0.001 135 (82.3) 302 (73.5) 0.025 45 (77.6) 615 (81.8) 0.428
Age (years) 55 (23–83) 66 (24–85) 0.001 59 (29–90) 63 (28–92) 0.0001 63 (30–88) 64 (30–91) 0.095 60 (25–87) 61 (19–99) 0.597
Smoking 10 (37) 18 (46.2) 0.461 92 (31.8) 224 (38.9) 0.042 71 (43.3) 161 (39.2) 0.363 20 (34.5) 353 (46.9) 0.067
Alcohol use 8 (29.6) 14 (35.9) 0.595 84 (29.1) 199 (34.5) 0.105 67 (40.9) 151 (36.7) 0.359 17 (29.3) 328 (43.6) 0.034
HBV positive 23 (85.2) 21 (53.8) 0.008 197 (68.2) 402 (69.8) 0.625 111 (67.7) 303 (73.7) 0.145 41 (70.7) 560 (74.5) 0.526
HCV positive 5 (18.5) 9 (23.1) 0.656 81 (28) 172 (29.9) 0.576 41 (25) 131 (31.9) 0.104 18 (31) 239 (31.8) 0.906
Cirrhosis 20 (74.1) 23 (59) 0.206 172 (59.5) 339 (58.9) 0.852 95 (57.9) 239 (58.2) 0.961 28 (48.3) 479 (63.7) 0.019
Child-Pugh class A 20 (74.1) 23 (59) 0.206 87 (30.1) 190 (33.0) 0.212 60 (36.6) 165 (40.1) 0.327 20 (34.5) 289 (38.4) 0.109
Tumor size (cm) 1.7 (1.0–2.0) 1.6 (1.0–2.0) 0.546 3.1 (1.0–5.0) 2.7 (1.0–5.0) < 0.001 8.1 (1.2–21) 7.3 (1.2–21) 0.002 9.5 (1.2–27) 9.4 (1.2–27) 0.850
Tumor number 1 (1–1) 1 (1–1) 1.000 1.4 (1–3) 1.5 (1–3) 0.089 2.1 (1–5) 2.6 (1–11) 0.003 2.7 (1–11) 2.7 (1–11) 0.890
Mortality 14 (51.9) 23 (58.9) 0.566 193 (66.80 279 (48.4) 0.0001 158 (60.1) 293 (48.7) 0.002 28 (48.3) 452 (60.1) 0.077
Median OS (months) 71 (30–96) 44 (8–81)   53 (3–88) 41 (1–96)   41 (4–84) 24 (1–76)   38 (6–79) 16 (1–66)  
  1. BCLC stage: Barcelona clinic liver cancer; SR: Surgical resection; HR: Hazard ratio; CI: Conference incidence; HBV: Hepatitis B virus; HCV: Hepatitis C virus; OS: Overall survival; Number (%); Mean or Median (range)