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Table 2 Consumption of Fruit, and Vegetables and Prevalence of Diverticulosis

From: Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with lower prevalence of asymptomatic diverticulosis: a cross-sectional colonoscopy-based study

   P for trend
  < 5 times/week 5–7 times/week > 1 time/day  
Vegetables
 Total subjects 126 160 215  
 No. of cases, n (%) 72 (57.1) 82 (51.3) 69 (32.1)  
 Age-adjusted 1.00 0.85 (0.62–1.17) 0.58 (0.42–0.81) 0.001
 Model 2a 1.00 0.85 (0.61–1.19) 0.65 (0.46–0.92) 0.015
 Model 3b 1.00 0.84 (0.60–1.17) 0.62 (0.44–0.89) 0.008
Fruits
 Total subjects 200 152 139  
 No. of cases, n (%) 102 (51.0) 69 (45.4) 47 (33.8)  
 Age-adjusted 1.00 0.83 (0.61–1.13) 0.61 (0.43–0.87) 0.006
 Model 2a 1.00 0.82 (0.59–1.13) 0.64 (0.44–0.92) 0.015
 Model 3b 1.00 0.81 (0.58–1.11) 0.60 (0.41–0.87) 0.007
  1. NOTE. Prevalence ratio (95% CI) is shown unless otherwise indicated
  2. aAdjusted for age (years), physical activity (MET-hours/week), BMI (kg/m2), sex, regular NSAID use (> 2 times/week), smoking (Current smoker, smoked in the past, never smoked), and dietary pattern (Western standard diet, low-red-meat diet, no-red-meat diet)
  3. bAdjusted for age (years), physical activity (MET-hours/week), BMI (kg/m2), regular NSAID use (> 2 times/week), smoking (Current smoker, smoked in the past, never smoked), dietary pattern (Western standard diet, low-red-meat diet, no-red-meat diet), and number of bowel movements (< 1/day, 1/day, > 1/day)