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Table 2 Participant demographics

From: Evaluation of breath, plasma, and urinary markers of lactose malabsorption to diagnose lactase non-persistence following lactose or milk ingestion

Measurea LP genotypesb LNP genotypes p valuec
LP Homozygote (n = 16) TT13910 / AA22018 LP Heterozygote (n = 10) CT13910 / GA22018 LNP Homozygote (n = 14) CC13910 / GG22018
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 0.5 22.3 ± 0.5 24.4 ± 1.0 0.098
Age (years) 26.8 ± 0.6 24.2 ± 0.96 26.2 ± 0.68 0.060
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.52 ± 0.20 5.15 ± 0.16 5.5 ± 0.21 0.758
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.12 ± 0.11 1.11 ± 0.09 1.09 ± 0.09 0.965
Insulin (μU/mL) 13.39 ± 3.44 9.94 ± 1.5 13.64 ± 3.01 0.687
  1. a Glucose, triglycerides and insulin measures in plasma
  2. b Values presented as mean ± SEM. Genotypes for lactase persistence classification taken from [12, 48]
  3. cp value was computed using linear mixed model
  4. BMI body mass index, LNP lactase non-persistence, LP lactase persistence