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Table 5 Management Strategies at Emergency Department

From: Profile and outcome of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding presenting to urban emergency departments of tertiary hospitals in Tanzania

VARIABLESFREQUENCY (%)
ED Management
 Intravenous fluid88 (71.5%)
 Proton pump Inhibitor88 (71.5%)
 Blood Transfusion (BT)60 (48.8%)
 Antibiotics43 (35.0%)
 Tranexamic acid25 (20.3%)
 Octreotide23 (18.7%)
 Inotropy/Vasopressor support3 (2.4%)
 NGT Placement3 (2.4%)
 Emergent endoscopy0 (0.0%)
 POC resultsn(n/N)
 Hemoglobin < 8 g/dl (n = 106)*69 (65.09%)
 Urea > 7.1 mmol/l (n = 85)**51 (60.0%)
 Lactate > 2 meq/l (n = 20)11 (55.0%)
 UGI Endoscopy46 (37.4%)
Time to Endoscopy
  > 72 h15 (32.6%)
 24–48 h13 (28.3%)
 48–72 h10 (21.7%)
 Within 24 h8 (17.4%)
  1. *Cut-off value based on WHO Anemia severity classification **Cut-off based on the high normal limit as stated in Glasgow-Blatchford score