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Table 5 Univariate analysis of factors associated with perioperative complications

From: Prediction of perioperative outcome after hepatic resection for pediatric patients

CharacteristicsWith complications (69)No complications (87)p Values
Male: female40:2951:36NS
Age (ys) mean ± SD4.4 ± 1.24.5 ± 1.3NS
weight (g) mean ± SD13.4 ± 4.114.2 ± 4.5NS
Preoperative Alb (g/L)41.6 ± 3.540.8 ± 3.1NS
Preoperative T bil(mmol/L)11.3 ± 5.211.9 ± 4.8NS
Preoperative ALT (U/L), median (range)69 (6.4–6511)60 (10.3–2888)NS
Preoperative AST (U/L), median (range)72 (16.7–7221)67 (20–3486)NS
Preoperative PT (s)11.6 ± 1.612.2 ± 1.5NS
Preoperative Hemoglobin (g/L)95.2 ± 11.494.6 ± 12.1NS
ASA, n (%)
 II5 (7.2)24 (27.6)0.001
 III56 (81.2)63 (72.4)0.14
 IV8 (11.6)00.001
Operation duration (min), mean ± SD179.2 ± 61.8158.2 ± 59.7< 0.001
Pringle maneuver, n (%)21 (30.4)12 (13.8)0.026
Extent of hepatectomy, n (%)
 ≥ 3 Segments58 (84.1)22 (25.3) 
 < 3 Segments11 (15.9)65 (74.7)< 0.001
Blood transfused (mL)  0.050
EBL (mL), mean ± SD338.1 ± 91.6306.8 ± 98.40.003
Urine output (mL), mean ± SD345.2 ± 103.9329.5 ± 99.70.039
Diagnosis, n (%)
 Benign19 (27.5)63 (72.4) 
 Malignant50 (72.5)24 (27.6)< 0.001
Crystalloid (mL), mean ± SD924.6 ± 214.5875.2 ± 203.90.057
First pass of stool, mean ± SD2.62 ± 1.43.12 ± 1.40.041
Parenteral nutrient (d), mean ± SD3.18 ± 1.653.06 ± 1.470.004