Liver mobilization with Laennec’s approach for laparoscopic anatomic hepatectomy (LAH) The surgical sites are shown under laparoscopy and microscopy when the liver was mobilized with Laennec’s approach (arrows). Laennec’s capsule and the adjacent tissues are shown by H&E staining in the naked area (a, b), adrenal gland (d, e), IVC (g, h), and hepatic veins (j, k). Representative laparoscopic views during liver mobilization are shown in the naked area (c), adrenal gland (f), IVC (i), and hepatic veins (l). And the Laennec’s capsule is marked with the elliptical shadow. (a), (d), (e), and (j) and (b), (e), (h), and (k) are the views under 20× and 100× magnification, respectively. The latter is a higher magnification view of the squares in the former.