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Table 5 Indirect costs associated with presenteeism in UC

From: Indirect costs associated with ulcerative colitis: a systematic literature review of real-world data

Author, yearCountry% of patients experiencing presenteeismOn the job productivity loss (%) due to UC per patient per weekCostCost adjusted
Total indirect cost for presenteeism per patient per yearCurrency, base yearTotal indirect cost for presenteeism per patient per yearCurrency, base year
Kawalec et al. 2017 [14]Poland55.20%19.38%1346EURO, 20141602.1$, 2017
Mandel et al. 2014a [1]HungaryNR19.42%2410EURO, 20132947.2$, 2017
  1. NB: The publication by Katz Avitan et al. [2] conducted in Israel (not reported in the table) demonstrated that 19% of UC patients (N = 150) experienced presesenteeism
  2. aThe study by Mandel et al. [1] reported 7.77 h lost due to presentism per patient per week. Value was converted using a 40 h labor week