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Table 1 Clinical character and disease distribution of diagnostic colonoscopies

From: Current role of colonoscopy in infants and young children: a multicenter study

  n = 275
Gender, male: female 174:101
Age, yr., median ± SD 2.49 ± 1.47
 age < 2 yr 123 (45%)
 2 yr. ≤ age < 6 yr 152 (55%)
Type of anesthesia
 general 130 (47%)
 intravenous 124 (45%)
 no sedation 22 (8.0%)
Extent of colonoscopy
 ~ ileum 170 (62%)
 ~ cecum 8 (2.9%)
 ~ ascending colon 9 (3.3%)
 ~ transverse colon 28 (10.2%)
 ~ descending colon 33 (12%)
 ~ sigmoid colon 27 (9.8%)
Abnormal findings 212 (77%)
Primary indication
 Rectal bleeding 206 (75%)
 Diarrhea 36 (13%)
 Abdominal pain 6 (2.2%)
 Fail to thrive 4 (1.5%)
 Repetitive intussusception 4 (1.5%)
 Anal fistula 3 (1.1%)
 Anemia 3 (1.1%)
 Hypoalbuminemia 3 (1.1%)
 Others* 10 (3.6%)
  1. * “Others” refers to diseases identified in fewer than two children