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Table 6 Comparison of surgical variables and outcome between laparoscopic stapleless left lateral sectionectomy (LH) and open left lateral sectionectomy (OH) for hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm

From: Stapleless laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: reappraisal of the Louisville statement by a young liver surgeon

Categorical variables LH group a
(n = 16)
OH group
(n = 49)
p value
 Inflow control (Yes (%)) 5 (31.3) 27 (57.4) 0.088
 Blood transfusion (Yes(%)) 2 (12.5) 1 (2.0) 0.147
 Complications (Yes (%)) 5 (31.3) 13 (26.5) 0.753
 Major complications b (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 2 (4.1) 1.000
 Thirty-day mortality (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 0 (0) N.A.
 In-hospital mortality (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 0 (0) N.A.
 Early recurrence c(Yes (%)) 3 (18.8) 16 (32.7) 0.357
Continuous variables d LH group a
(n = 16)
OH group
(n = 49)
p value
 Operative duration (minutes) 267.1 ± 23.96 219.1 ± 10.04 0.079
 Blood loss (ml) 216.3 ± 50.33 172.5 ± 26.47 0.449
 Duration of inflow control e (minutes) 85.6 ± 8.04 32.8 ± 3.51 < 0.001
 Duration of parenchymal transection (minutes) 80.5 ± 9.30 50.5 ± 4.20 0.001
 Post-OP hospital stay (days) (range) 8.4 ± 0.63 (5–15) 9.1 ± 0.54 (6–29) 0.474
  1. ainclude laparoscopic and robotic left lateral sectionectomy
  2. bmajor surgical complications include grade III-IV surgical complications
  3. crecurrence within two years after the index operation
  4. dmean ± standard error of mean
  5. emean duration among those who had inflow control