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Table 3 Comparison of surgical variables and outcome between laparoscopic stapleless left lateral sectionectomy (LH) and open left lateral sectionectomy (OH) for hepatocellular carcinoma

From: Stapleless laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: reappraisal of the Louisville statement by a young liver surgeon

Categorical variables LH group a
(n = 18)
OH group
(n = 75)
p value
 Inflow control (Yes (%)) 5 (27.8) 44 (63.8) 0.008
 Blood transfusion (Yes(%)) 3 (16.7) 1 (1.4) 0.023
 Complications (Yes (%)) 6 (33.3) 22 (29.3) 0.778
 Major complications b (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 9 (12) 0.198
 Thirty-day mortality (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 0 (0) N.A.
 In-hospital mortality (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 1 (1.3) 1.000
 Early recurrence c(Yes (%)) 3 (16.7) 30 (40.0) 0.098
Continuous variables d LH group a
(n = 18)
OH group
(n = 75)
p value
 Operative duration (minutes) 287.0 ± 28.91 221.4 ± 8.00 0.041
 Blood loss (ml) 217.2 ± 45.00 239.8 ± 40.58 0.794
 Duration of inflow control e (minutes) 85.6 ± 8.04 35.0 ± 3.16 < 0.001
 Duration of parenchymal transection (minutes) 96.7 ± 15.98 53.8 ± 3.80 0.018
 Post-OP hospital stay (days) (range) 8.44 ± 0.54 (5–15) 9.7 ± 0.50 (6–29) 0.238
  1. ainclude laparoscopic and robotic left lateral sectionectomy
  2. bmajor surgical complications include grade III-IV surgical complications
  3. crecurrence within two years after the index operation
  4. dmean ± standard error of mean
  5. emean duration among those who had inflow control