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Fig. 3 | BMC Gastroenterology

Fig. 3

From: Intestinal Candida parapsilosis isolates from Rett syndrome subjects bear potential virulent traits and capacity to persist within the host

Fig. 3

Cytokines production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs; 5 × 105 cell) after stimulation with 5 × 106 heat-killed C. albicans or C. parapsilosis isolates from HC and RTT subjects. In panels a-d) are reported the values for the cytokines produced by innate immune cells (IL-1β, IL-6, TNFα and IL-10 after 24 h of PBMCs stimulation) while in e-h) the values for the cytokines produced following adaptive immune responses (IL-17A, IL-22, IFNγ and IL-10 after 5 days of PBMCs stimulation). The dots represent each of the three replicates per isolate tested; *p < 0.05, Wilcoxon rank-sum test

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