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Table 2 Demographic features of the study subjects with chronic liver disease, by aetiology

From: Unexplained chronic liver disease in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable All patients (n = 150) Aetiology known (n = 67) Aetiology unknown(n = 83)
Sex (n, % men) 108 (72.0) 55 (82.1) 53 (63.9)*
Age (years) 30 (25–40) 30 (20–40) 30 (25–40)
Ethnic group
 Oromo 134 (89.3) 59 (88.1) 75 (90.4)
 Amhara 9 (6.0) 5 (7.5) 4 (4.8)
 Somali 5 (3.3) 2 (3.0) 3 (3.6)
 Gurage 2 (1.3) 1 (1.5) 1 (1.2)
Religion
 Islam 139 (92.7) 60 (89.6) 79 (95.2)
 Christianity 11 (7.3) 7 (10.4) 4 (4.8)
Occupation
 Farmer 100 (66.7) 46 (68.7) 54 (65.1)
 Unemployed 14 (9.3) 5 (7.5) 9 (10.8)
 Housewife 11 (7.3) 2 (3.0) 9 (10.8)
 Student 8 (5.3) 5 (7.5) 3 (3.6)
 Day worker 5 (3.3) 3 (4.5) 2 (2.4)
 Public servant 4 (2.7) 1 (1.5) 3 (3.6)
 Health professional 2 (1.3) 2 (3.0) 0
 Other 6 (4.0) 3 (4.5) 3 (3.6)
Pregnant 3 (2.0) 1 (8.3) 2 (6.7)
Previous blood transfusion 23 (15.3) 9 (13.4) 14 (16.9)
Family history of liver disease 8 (5.3) 4 (6.0) 4 (4.8)
Dietary grain stored underground 53 (35.3) 25 (37.3) 28 (33.7)
 Weeks of storage 24 (12–52) 24 (12–52) 24 (12–52)
Traditional herbal medicine 40 (26.7) 16 (23.9) 24 (28.9)
History of alcohol consumption:
 Never 139 (92.7) 61 (91.0) 78 (94.0)
 Current 6 (4.0) 5 (7.5) 1 (1.2)
 Stopped 5 (3.3) 1 (1.5) 4 (4.8)
Alcohol abusea 3 (2.0) 3 (4.5) 0
History of daily use of khat 117 (78.0) 56 (83.6) 61 (73.5)
Khat-yearsb 20 (3–70) 20 (3–75) 18 (1–60)
  1. Data are presented as number (%) or as median (interquartile range) unless otherwise noted
  2. *p < 0.05; significance of the difference between the aetiology known/unknown group
  3. aDaily consumption of > 20 g/day in women and > 30 g/day in men for 6 months or more
  4. bOne khat-year is defined as daily use of 200 g fresh khat for 1 year