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Table 4 Ranking of symptoms that are most commonly experienced in the Asian studies

From: Frequency patterns of core constipation symptoms among the Asian adults: a systematic review

Symptom Rank 1st Rank 2nd Rank 3rd Rank 4th Rank 5th Rank 6th
Straining 91.6% [25]
92.0% [25]
64.6% [32]
75.0% [27]
90.0% [29]
89.9% [30]
93.0% [33]
70.4% [22]
65.0% [27]
88.0% [28]
95.7% [31]
79.3% [34]
70.3% [22]
93.7% [26]    
Sensation incomplete evacuation 72.1% [22]
96.5% [31]
64.2% [32]
94.9% [26]
69.0% [28]
87.0% [33]
64.8% [22]
74.1% [34] 69.9% [25]
69.0% [25]
61.7% [29]
61.8% [30]
31.0% [27]
38.0% [27]
 
Lumpy/hard stool 93.1% [34] 70.0% [27]
85.8% [29]
86.2% [30]
65.0% [27]
71.1% [25]
71.3% [25]
77.0% [33]
95.7% [31]
63.0% [22]
58.9% [32]
38.4% [22]
88.5% [26]
  
Sensation of anorectal blockage    53.5% [22] 46.0% [27]
62.6% [31]
46.3% [22]
43.0% [27]
53.0% [25]
52.3% [25]
39.5% [32]
87.7% [26]
26.6% [29]
26.2% [30]
31.0% [34]
48.0% [33]
 
Infrequent defecations 98.4% [26] 74.7% [25]
74.7% [25]
58.9% [32]
56.0% [27]
66.0% [29]
66.0% [30]
57.0% [27]
32.8% [34]
57.0% [33]
26.2% [22]
42.6% [22]
57.4% [31]
Manual maneuver       18.1% [25]
18.4% [25]
14.8% [32]
47.0% [26]
10.0% [27]
26.1% [29]
16.3% [22]
16.1% [30]
53.9% [31]
15.5% [34]
45.0% [33]
11.1% [22]
10.0% [27]
  1. Italic, symptom of IBS-C