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Table 2 Association between clinical characteristics and growth disturbance at diagnosis in 530 children with celiac disease

From: Factors associated with growth disturbance at celiac disease diagnosis in children: A retrospective cohort study

  n a Growth failure, % Odds ratio 95 % CI P value
Gender      
 Boys 194 33.5 1   
 Girls 336 34.8 1.06 0.73 - 1.54 0.759
Age at diagnosis, years      
 <3 74 66.2 4.32 2.49 - 7.48 <0.001
 3-7 203 26.6 0.80 0.53 - 1.20 0.281
 8-17 253 31.2 1   
Year of diagnosis      
 <2000 114 48.2 3.11 1.82 - 5.35 <0.001
 2000-09 277 34.3 1.75 1.10 - 2.78 0.019
 2010-13 139 23.0 1   
Type 1 diabetes mellitus      
 No 475 33.7 1   
 Yes 41 24.4 0.64 0.30 - 1.33 0.228
Thyroid disease      
 No 502 32 1   
 Yes 13 54 2.45 0.81 - 7.40 0.113
 No 474 32.9 1   
 Yes 42 33.3 1.02 0.52 - 1.99 0.956
History of allergy      
 No 393 34.9 1   
 Yes 125 28.0 0.73 0.47 - 1.13 0.157
Other concomitant chronic diseaseb      
 No 202 29.7 1   
 Yes 315 35.6 1.31 0.89 - 1.91 0.169
First-degree relative with celiac disease      
 No 157 35.7 1   
 Yes 140 26.4 0.65 0.39 - 1.07 0.087
  1. aData available
  2. bE.g. epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, psychiatric disorder, inflammatory bowel disease, congenital heart disease, immune deficiency