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Table 1 Univariate analysis of factors effecting development of post embolization fever (PEF) and acute hepatic decompensation (AHD)

From: Factors affecting post-embolization fever and liver failure after trans-arterial chemo-embolization in a cohort without background infective hepatitis- a prospective analysis

Variables Patients with fever (n = 28) Patients without fever (n = 83) p-value Patients with liver failure (n = 13) Patients without acute liver failure (n = 98) p-value
Age (years) 64 (37–84) 63 (34–78) 0.916 64 (37–84) 62 (34–76) 0.924
Gender (Males) 23 (84 %) 77 (93.2 %) 0.188 10 (83.3 %) 89 (91.2 %) 0.363
Diabetics 17 (55.9 %) 46 (55.6 %) 0.995 07 (55.6 %) 57 (58.3 %) 0.858
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.03 23.88 0.124 24.18 24.33 0.842
KF index (<80 %) 03 (10 %) 03 (3.8 %) 0.198 02 (15.3 %) 08 (8.1 %) 0.199
Child Class B 09 (33.3 %) 14 (16.7 %) 0.252 04 (35.4 %) 28 (29.4 %) 0.743
Presence of ascites in computed tomogram 05 (17.9 %) 07 (8.1 %) 0.149 02 (15.3 %) 08 (8.1 %) 0.493
INR 1.23 1.15 0.546 1.21 1.16 0.451
Platelet count (/ml) 156×103 171×103 0.241 128×103 177×103 0.021
AST (U/L) 67.38 58.2 0.274 66.8 59.7 0.512
ALT(U/L) 46.1 48.6 0.703 46 48.3 0.782
Total Bilirubin (mg/dl) 1.39 0.71 0.046 1.35 0.87 0.094
Albumin (mg/dl) 3.30 3.51 0.035 3.14 3.49 0.041
Serum Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.11 0.89 0.321 1.07 0.92 0.235
Total tumour diameter (cm) 7.93 6.14 0.102 8.17 6.48 0.123
Type of HCC (diffuse %) 03 (1079 %) 03 (4 %) 0.311 02 (16.6 %) 72 (7.4 %) 0.292
Presence of Portal vein invasion 04 (16.2 %) 09 (11.3 %) 0.167 02 (16.6 %) 11 (11.9 %) 0.786
  1. KF index-Karnofsky performance index, AST- aspartate amino transferase, ALT- Alanine amino transferase, INR- international normalized ratio