Skip to main content

Table 5 Adjusted relative risk (95%CI) for gastroenteritis as a cause of death in the US, 1999–2005 (ICD10)

From: Trends in gastroenteritis-associated mortality in the United States, 1985–2005: variations by ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes

  All gastroenteritis RR (95% CI) All gastroenteritis w/o C. difficile RR (95% CI) Bacterial RR (95% CI) Bacterial w/o C. difficile RR (95% CI) Viral RR (95% CI) Unknown infectious RR (95% CI) Unknown noninfectious RR (95% CI)
Age group
 0-4 2.00 (1.57, 2.53) 2.09 (1.67, 2.62) 0.78 (0.62, 0.98) 0.86 (0.72, 1.02) 2.94 (2.44, 3.54) 2.49 (1.14, 5.47) 3.90 (2.80, 5.45)
 5-24 0.18 (0.15, 0.22) 0.18 (0.15, 0.23) 0.14 (0.11, 0.17) 0.14 (0.12, 0.16) 0.28 (0.23, 0.34) 0.29 (0.13, 0.66) 0.20 (0.15, 0.27)
 25-34 0.43 (0.33, 0.55) 0.43 (0.34, 0.54) 0.44 (0.35, 0.55) 0.45 (0.38, 0.53) 0.40 (0.32, 0.51) 0.69 (0.29, 1.65) 0.42 (0.29, 0.60)
 35-44 referent referent referent referent referent referent referent
 45-54 2.22 (1.76, 2.81) 2.21 (1.77, 2.77) 2.58 (2.08, 3.20) 2.49 (2.20, 2.83) 1.90 (1.48, 2.43) 2.67 (1.40, 5.10) 2.14 (1.66, 2.75)
 55-64 5.17 (4.24, 6.31) 4.99 (4.13, 6.03) 6.57 (5.45, 7.92) 5.57 (4.98, 6.24) 2.11 (1.71, 2.60) 7.01 (3.82, 12.86) 5.76 (4.58, 7.24)
 65-74 14.44 (12.01, 17.35) 13.36 (11.21, 15.91) 18.40 (15.53, 21.82) 12.24 (10.98, 13.65) 3.30 (2.83, 3.85) 27.63 (15.52, 49.19) 17.79 (14.25, 22.21)
 75+ 61.72 (51.11, 74.55) 56.06 (46.76, 67.21) 75.98 (63.97, 90.26) 37.96 (34.10, 42.25) 11.72 (9.57, 14.36) 112.85 (63.63, 200.16) 83.16 (66.31, 104.29)
Race
 White referent referent referent referent referent referent referent
 Black 1.31 (1.13, 1.52) 1.37 (1.18, 1.59) 1.49 (1.30, 1.71) 2.39 (2.21, 2.58) 1.51 (1.25, 1.83) 1.09 (0.85, 1.38) 0.97 (0.81, 1.17)
 Other 0.52 (0.47, 0.58) 0.55 (0.49, 0.61) 0.53 (0.46, 0.60) 0.75 (0.66, 0.84) 0.84 (0.71, 0.98) 0.31 (0.17, 0.56) 0.42 (0.38, 0.48)
Gender
 Male 1.06 (0.99, 1.13) 1.05 (0.98, 1.12) 1.16 (1.09, 1.23) 1.34 (1.27, 1.41) 1.30 (1.14, 1.49) 0.89 (0.81, 0.99) 0.87 (0.82, 0.93)
 Female referent referent referent referent referent referent referent
Region
 Northeast 1.22 (1.10, 1.34) 1.16 (1.05, 1.29) 1.42 (1.30, 1.56) 1.23 (1.12, 1.35) 0.82 (0.66, 1.03) 1.30 (1.12, 1.5) 1.02 (0.93, 1.12)
 Midwest 1.18 (1.07, 1.30) 1.13 (1.01, 1.25) 1.27 (1.18, 1.37) 1.00 (0.94, 1.05) 0.86 (0.71, 1.04) 1.12 (0.95, 1.3) 1.13 (1.02, 1.26)
 South 0.99 (0.92, 1.07) 0.98 (0.91, 1.06) 1.05 (1.00, 1.12) 0.98 (0.93, 1.02) 0.77 (0.68, 0.88) 1.08 (0.97, 1.2) 0.96 (0.88, 1.04)
 West referent referent referent referent referent referent referent