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Table 2 The associations between type of diarrhoea, parasites isolated and CD4 counts of 366 AIDS patients.

From: Correlation between CD4 counts of HIV patients and enteric protozoan in different seasons – An experience of a tertiary care hospital in Varanasi (India)

Parasites isolated CD4 cells
< 200 cells/μl
CD4 cells
200–350 cells/μl
CD4 cells
350–500 cells/μl
Total
  Acute cases Chronic cases Acute cases Chronic cases Acute cases Chronic cases  
  n = 57 n = 179 n = 34 n = 42 n = 21 n = 33  
Cryptosporidium spp. 38/57 (66.6%) 56/179 (31.2%) 11/34 (32.3%) 20/42 (47.6%) 8/21 (38%) 13/33 (39.3%) 146
Microsporidia spp. 15/57 (26.3%) 68/179 (37.9%) 5/34 (14.7%) 7/42 (16.6%) 3/21 (14.2%) -- 98
Cyclospora spp. 4/57 (7.0%) 43/179 (24.0%) 3/34 (8.8%) 28/42 (66.6%) 5/21 (23.8%) 5/33 (15.5%) 88
Giardia spp. 11/57 (19.3%) 7/179 (3.91%) 8/34 (23.5%) 4/42 (9.5%) 4/21 (19.5%) 3/33 (9.5%) 37
Entamoeba spp. 4/57 (7%) 1/179 (0.5%) 5/34 (14.7%) -- 1/21 (4.7%) -- 11
Isospora belli -- 2/179 (1.1%) -- -- -- -- 2
Hookworm 1/57 (1.7%) 6/179 (3.3%) -- 5/42 (11.9%) 2/21 (9.5%) 3/33 (9%) 17
Trichuris trichiura -- 3/179 (1.6%) 4/34 (11.7%) -- 2/21 (9.5%) -- 9
H. nana -- 1/179 (0.5%) -- 1/42 (2.3%) -- -- 2
Total 73 187 36 65 25 24 410
  1. Figures in parentheses express the percentage (%) of parasites isolated.