Skip to main content

Table 5 Predictors for the development of reflux esophagitis in patients who are not taking PPIs

From: Association between obesity and Barrett’s esophagus in a Japanese population: a hospital-based, cross-sectional study

  Univariate Multivariate
  OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Male sex 2.57 1.68–3.93 < 0.0001 2.22 1.25–3.92 0.006
Alcohol drinking 1.47 1.01–2.15 0.05 1.10 0.68–1.80 0.70
Gastric atrophy (Open-type) 0.54 0.31–0.93 0.03 0.57 0.32–1.03 0.06
BMI (25≤) 1.95 1.31–2.92 0.001 1.51 0.85–2.70 0.16
WC * 1.98 1.37–2.87 0.0003 1.04 0.56–1.94 0.89
WHR ** 1.70 1.09–2.66 0.02 1.57 0.92–2.67 0.10
  1. PPI proton pump inhibitor, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio.
  2. * Large waist circumference is defined as 85 cm ≤ for males and 90 cm ≤ for females.
  3. ** Large waist-hip ratio is defined as ≥ 0.9 for males and ≥ 0.85 for females.