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Table 3 MMSE results in patients without and with HE (minimal and overt)

From: Mini-Mental State Examination in patients with hepatic encephalopathy and liver cirrhosis: a prospective, quantified electroencephalography study

MMSE categories Without HE (n=30) Minimal HE (n=22) Overt HE (n=49) Without HE vsminimal HE Without HE vsovert HE Minimal HE vsovert HE
MMSE summaryscore 27.7 ± 1.8 27.5 ± 2.0 25.9 ± 3.7 ns p<0.02 p<0.05
Orientation to time 4.8 ± 0.8 4.9 ± 0.3 4.6 ± 0.9 ns ns ns
Orientation to place 4.7 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.2 4.6 ± 0.6 ns p<0.003 p<0.01
Attention and calculation 3.7 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.5 3.6 ± 1.6 ns ns ns
Recall 2.4 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.9 2.1 ± 0.9 ns ns ns
Repetition 0.9 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.5 ns p<0.01 ns
Complex commands (Understanding) 2.9 ± 0.3 2.9 ± 0.2 2.6 ± 0.8 ns p<0.02 p<0.02
Complex commands (Write a sentence) 1.0 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.3 ns ns ns
Complex commands (Copy of pentagons) 1.0 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.9 0.8 ± 0.4 ns ns p<0.01
  1. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, HE hepatic encephalopathy.