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Table 2 Outcome and survival of 52 patients treated with 83 esophageal stents for a benign perforation or anastomotic leak

From: Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS), partially covered SEMS and self-expandable plastic stents for the treatment of benign esophageal ruptures and anastomotic leaks

Characteristic  
Technically successful stent placement, number of stents (%) 82/83 (99)
Technically successful stent removal, number of stents (%) 63/71 (89)
Reasons for stent removal, number of stents (%)  
   Scheduled 52 (73)
   Early migration 9 [13]
   Leakage through ruptured stent cover 6 [8]
   Tissue in- and/or overgrowth 2 [3]
   Severe pain 2 [3]
Clinical success, number of patients (%) 34 (65)
Cause of death, number of patients (%)  
   Rupture or leakage 4 [8]
   Stent 1 [2]
   Not related to rupture/leakage or stent placement 2 [4]