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Table 2 Comorbidities, complications, treatment of complications, and clinical outcomes for all subjects and for those in the non-elderly and elderly groups

From: The Role of Age in Predicting the Outcome of Caustic Ingestion in Adults: A Retrospective Analysis

Parameter Total
(n= 389)
Non-elderly
(< 65 years)
(n= 321)
Elderly
( 65 years)
(n= 68)
Pvalue
Psychological comorbidities 1 176 (45.2) 155 (48.3) 21 (30.9) 0.009*
Systemic comorbiditities 1 123 (31.6) 73 (22.7) 50 (73.5) < 0.001*
Suicide/accident 1     0.699
   Suicide 282 (72.5) 234 (72.9) 48 (70.6)  
   Accident 107 (27.5) 87 (27.1) 20 (29.4)  
Systemic complications 1 73 (18.8) 47 (14.6) 26 (38.2) < .001*
   Aspiration pneumonia1 49 (12.6) 33 (10.3) 16 (23.5) 0.003*
   Respiratory failure1 37 (9.5) 21 (6.5) 16 (23.5) < .001*
   DIC1 14 (3.6) 7 (2.2) 7 (10.3) 0.005*
   Hepatic2 14 (3.6) 11 (3.4) 3 (4.4) 0.719
GI complications 1 90 (23.1) 72 (22.4) 18 (26.5) 0.493
   Stricture1 81 (20.8) 67 (20.9) 14 (20.6) 0.958
   Bleeding2 17 (4.4) 14 (4.4) 3 (4.4) 1.000
   Perforation2 11 (2.8) 8 (2.5) 3 (4.4) 0.298
   Fistula2 5 (1.3) 5 (1.6) 0 (0) 0.592
Fever1 82 (21.1) 57 (17.8) 25 (36.8) 0.001*
Antibiotic usage2 114 (29.3) 81 (25.2) 33 (48.5) < .001*
Operationa,1 63 (16.2) 52 (16.2) 11 (16.2) 0.996
Dilatationa,1 35 (9.0) 26 (8.1) 9 (13.2) 0.179
ICU admissions1 48 (12.3) 28 (8.7%) 20 (29.4%) < .001*
Days in the ICU3 10.0 (3.2) 9 (2.8) 10.0 (3.5) 0.249
Number of expirations in the ICU1 24 (6.2) 12 (3.7) 12 (17.6) < .001*
Days to expiration in the ICU3 16.0 (1.6) 15.0 (1.7) 16.0 (3.6) 0.273
  1. DIC, disseminated intravascular coagulation
  2. aDilatation and operation: management options in the event of complications
  3. Findings are expressed as n (%), except for ICU admissions and days to expiration which are expressed as medians (standard error).
  4. 1Pearson chi-square test; 2Fisher's exact test; 3Log-rank test; *P value < 0.05