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Table 2 Symptoms and quality of life

From: Clinical benefit of gluten-free diet in screen-detected older celiac disease patients

  Screen-detected celiac patients    
  At the diagnosis After gluten-free diet p-valuea Non-celiac controls p-value b
GSRS c      
   Diarrhea 2.1 (1.7-2.6) 1.5 (1.2-1.9) 0.009 1.6 (1.5-1.8) 0.091
   Indigestion 2.8 (2.4-3.2) 2.0 (1.6-2.3) < 0.001 2.4 (2.0-2.7) 0.117
   Constipation 2.1 (1.7-2.5) 1.8 (1.5-2.1) 0.343 2.0 (1.6-2.3) 0.813
   Abdominal pain 2.1 (1.7-2.4) 1.7 (1.4-2.0) 0.020 1.8 (1.5-2.1) 0.203
   Reflux 1.8 (1.4-2.2) 1.4 (1.2-1.7) 0.040 1.5 (1.8-1.2) 0.161
   Total score 2.2 (1.9-2.5) 1.7 (1.5-2.0) 0.001 1.9 (1.7-2.1) 0.133
PGWBd      
   Anxiety 23 (21-24) 24 (22-25) 0.256 25 (24-26) 0.063
   Depression 16 (15-17) 16 (15-17) 0.429 16 (16-17) 0.713
   Well-being 16 (15-17) 17 (16-18) 0.011 17 (16-17) 0.364
   Self-control 15 (14-16) 15 (14-16) 0.942 15 (15-16) 0.593
   General health 13 (12-14) 12 (11-14) 0.243 14 (14-15) 0.030
   Vitality 17 (16-18) 18 (16-19) 0.100 19 (18-19) 0.110
   Total score 100 (93-106) 102 (95-109) 0.620 106 (104-108) 0.355
  1. Gastrointestinal symptom score (GSRS) and psychological general well-being (PGWB) in older celiac disease patients before and after dietary treatment, compared to non-celiac controls
  2. a Comparison between celiac patients at the diagnosis and after gluten-free diet
  3. b Comparison between celiac patients at the diagnosis and non-celiac controls
  4. c Gastrointestinal symptom rating scale; higher scores indicate more gastro-intestinal symptoms
  5. d Psychological general well-being; higher scores indicate better quality of life