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Table 1 Basic characteristics of patients with biliary sphincter of Oddi disorder (n = 59)

From: Management of patients with biliary sphincter of Oddi disorder without sphincter of Oddi manometry

Age at diagnosis (years) 46 (37-59)
Women/Men 53/6 (90%/10%)
Follow-up (months) 15 (6-35)
Previous cholecystectomy 26 (44%)
Biliary SOD type  
   Type I 8 (14%)
   Type II 30 (51%)
Dilated CBD 25 (42%)
Raised LFTs 5 (8%)
   Type III 21 (35%)
Comorbiditya 39 (66%)
   Other functional gastrointestinal disorder 16 (27%)
   Psychiatric diseaseb 11 (19%)
   Chronic liver diseasec 10 (17%)
Analgesics upon initial assessment 23 (39%)
   Opiates upon initial assessmentd 21 (36%)
  1. Data are presented as median and IQR or n and % as appropriate
  2. aPatients who had other types of disease apart from the sphincter of Oddi disorder
  3. bEight patients out of 11 had depression and 3/11 anxiety
  4. cFive patients out of 10 had non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, 2/10 primary biliary cirrhosis, 1/10 non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, 1/10 chronic hepatitis B, and 1/10 chronic hepatitis C
  5. dEleven out of 21 patients were receiving codeine, 5/21 tramadol, 3/21 morphine, 1/21 morphine and tramadol, and 1/21 codeine and tramadol