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  1. Resveratrol is a polyphenol with important antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties. We investigated the effect of resveratrol on alcohol-induced mortality and liver lesions in mice.

    Authors: Luis Bujanda, María García-Barcina, Virginia Gutiérrez-de Juan, Joseba Bidaurrazaga, Marian Fernández de Luco, Marian Gutiérrez-Stampa, Mikel Larzabal, Elisabeth Hijona, Cristina Sarasqueta, Miguel Echenique-Elizondo and Juan I Arenas

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:35

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Liver biopsy is considered the gold standard for assessing histologic lesions of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim was to develop and validate a new biomarker of non alcoholic steato hepatitis...

    Authors: Thierry Poynard, Vlad Ratziu, Frederic Charlotte, Djamila Messous, Mona Munteanu, Françoise Imbert-Bismut, Julien Massard, Luninita Bonyhay, Mohamed Tahiri, Dominique Thabut, Jean François Cadranel, Brigitte Le Bail and Victor de Ledinghen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:34

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Fatty liver (FL) is the most frequent liver disease in Western countries. We used data from the Dionysos Nutrition & Liver Study to develop a simple algorithm for the prediction of FL in the general population.

    Authors: Giorgio Bedogni, Stefano Bellentani, Lucia Miglioli, Flora Masutti, Marilena Passalacqua, Anna Castiglione and Claudio Tiribelli

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:33

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mucoceles resulting from cystadenomas of the appendix are uncommon. Although rare, rupture of the mucoceles can occur with or without causing any abdominal complaint. There are several reports associating colo...

    Authors: Yueh-Tsung Lee, Hurng-Sheng Wu, Min-Chang Hung, Shang-Tao Lin, Yome-Shine Hwang and Min-Ho Huang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:32

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease is thought to be through different factors and there is a relationship between the gut flora and the risk of its development. Probiotics can manipulate the microflora...

    Authors: Nadia Osman, Diya Adawi, Göran Molin, Siv Ahrne, Anna Berggren and Bengt Jeppsson

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:31

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The R122H mutation of the cationic trypsinogen was found in patients with hereditary pancreatitis. A transgenic animal carrying this mutation could be useful as a genetic model system of pancreatitis.

    Authors: Lena Selig, Ulrich Sack, Sebastian Gaiser, Günter Klöppel, Vuk Savkovic, Joachim Mössner, Volker Keim and Hans Bödeker

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:30

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), the most common type of mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, demonstrate positive kit staining. We report our surgical experience with 100 small intes...

    Authors: Ting-Jung Wu, Li-Yu Lee, Chun-Nan Yeh, Pei-Yu Wu, Tzu-Chieh Chao, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yi-Yin Jan and Miin-Fu Chen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:29

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The genetic diversity of Helicobacter pylori can be analyzed at two different levels: the genomic variation between strains originating from different individuals, and the variation in bacterial populations withi...

    Authors: Laila F Nimri, Ismail Matalka, Kamal E Bani-Hani and Marwa Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:27

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Case descriptions suggest IBS patients are more likely to have other disorders, including migraine, fibromyalgia, and depression. We sought to examine the prevalence of these conditions in cohorts of people wi...

    Authors: J Alexander Cole, Kenneth J Rothman, Howard J Cabral, Yuqing Zhang and Francis A Farraye

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:26

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) of the liver is very rarely reported, and we encountered two cases of RLH of the liver in a patient with colon cancer.

    Authors: Hiroki Takahashi, Hirozumi Sawai, Yoichi Matsuo, Hitoshi Funahashi, Mikinori Satoh, Yuji Okada, Hiroshi Inagaki, Hiromitsu Takeyama and Tadao Manabe

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:25

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a potent immunomodulator and implicated with pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases mediated by Th1 or Th2 dominant immune responses. The objective of this study is to dete...

    Authors: Tao Liu, Bin-Quan Wang, Peng-Yuan Zheng, Shao-Heng He and Ping-Chang Yang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:24

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Transforming growth factor α (TGFα) protects against gastric mucosal injury and facilitates wound healing. However, its overexpression is known to induce hypertrophic gastropathy resembling Menetrier's disease...

    Authors: Takashi Kosone, Hitoshi Takagi, Satoru Kakizaki, Naondo Sohara, Norio Horiguchi, Ken Sato, Masashi Yoneda, Toshiyuki Takeuchi and Masatomo Mori

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The majority of Crohn's disease patients with B1 phenotype at diagnosis (i.e. non-stricturing non-penetrating disease) will develop over time a stricturing or a penetrating pattern. Conflicting data exist on t...

    Authors: Constantinos Chatzicostas, Maria Roussomoustakaki, Spiros Potamianos, Gregorios Paspatis, Ioannis Mouzas, John Romanos, Helen Mavrogeni and Elias Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have distinct geographic distribution. Moreover, much genetic variability has been described in the precore (PC) and basal core promoter (BCP) regions of the HBV genome. The l...

    Authors: Zaigham Abbas, Rana Muzaffar, Arif Siddiqui, Syed Ali Anwar Naqvi and Syed Adibul Hassan Rizvi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  15. While gastrointestinal problems are common in ICU patients with multiple organ failure, gastrointestinal failure has not been given the consideration other organ systems receive. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Annika Reintam, Pille Parm, Uwe Redlich, Liina-Mai Tooding, Joel Starkopf, Friedrich Köhler, Claudia Spies and Hartmut Kern

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:19

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Data comparison between SEER and EUROCARE database provided evidence that colorectal cancer survival in USA is higher than in European countries. Since adjustment for stage at diagnosis markedly reduces the su...

    Authors: Apostolos Xilomenos, Davide Mauri, Konstantinos Kamposioras, Athanasia Gkinosati, Georgios Zacharias, Varvara Sidiropoulou, Panagiotis Papadopoulos, Georgios Chatzimichalis, Vassilis Golfinopoulos and Christina Peponi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:18

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Colopleural fistula and fecopneumothorax are very rare complications of Crohn's disease. Fistula formation is frequent in Crohn's disease and occurs in approximately 33% of patients. On the other hand, fistulo...

    Authors: G Barišiæ, Z Krivokapiæ, T Adžiæ, A Pavloviæ, M Popoviæ and M Gojniæ

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:17

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse pancreas has constitutively elevated expression of the Reg/PAP cell stress genes (60-fold greater Reg3α, and 10-fold greater PAP/Reg3β and Reg3γ). These genes are suggested to be in...

    Authors: Oxana Norkina, Rolf Graf, Philippe Appenzeller and Robert C De Lisle

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a rare complication of liver diseases of different etiologies and may indicate a poor prognosis. Therefore, a simple non-invasive screening method to detect HPS would be highl...

    Authors: Peter Deibert, Hans-Peter Allgaier, Stefanie Loesch, Claudia Müller, Manfred Olschewski, Hinrich Hamm, Klaus-Peter Maier and Hubert Erich Blum

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Livers of infants with biliary atresia and of neonatal mice infected with rotavirus (RRV) have increased expression of interferon-gamma (IFNγ) and interleukin (IL)-12. While the expression of IFNγ regulates th...

    Authors: Sujit Kumar Mohanty, Pranavkumar Shivakumar, Gregg Sabla and Jorge A Bezerra

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Extensive bile duct proliferation is a key feature of the tissue reaction to clinical and experimental forms of liver injury. Experimental infection of mice by Schistosoma mansoni is a well-studied model of liver...

    Authors: Luciana B Chiarini, Christina M Takiya, Radovan Borojevic and Alvaro NA Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:13

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Oxytocin is released in response to a meal. Further, mRNA for oxytocin and its receptor have been found throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The aim of this study was therefore to examine whether oxytoc...

    Authors: Bodil Ohlsson, Ola Björgell, Olle Ekberg and Gassan Darwiche

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Splanchnic vein thrombosis may complicate inherited thrombotic disorders. Acute cytomegalovirus infection is a rare cause of acquired venous thrombosis in the portal or mesenteric territory, but has never been...

    Authors: Laurent Spahr, Andreas Cerny, Isabelle Morard, Laura Rubbia-Brandt and Jacques Schrenzel

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:10

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Infectious gastrointestinal illness (IGI) outbreaks have been reported in U.S. Navy ships and could potentially have an adverse mission impact. Studies to date have been anecdotal.

    Authors: Mark S Riddle, Bonnie L Smoak, Scott A Thornton, Joseph S Bresee, Dennis J Faix and Shannon D Putnam

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Excess cholesterol in bile and in blood is a major risk factor for the respective development of gallbladder disease and atherosclerosis. This lipid in excess negatively impacts the functioning of other smooth...

    Authors: Ronald Mathison and Eldon Shaffer

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The role that H. pylori infection plays in the development of and Barrett's esophagus (BE) is uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that infection with cagA+ Helicobacter pylori strains protects against the deve...

    Authors: Angel Ferrández, Rafael Benito, Juan Arenas, María Asunción García-González, Federico Sopeña, Javier Alcedo, Javier Ortego, Ricardo Sainz and Angel Lanas

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Liver biopsy is considered as the gold standard for assessing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) histologic lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of non-invasive markers...

    Authors: Vlad Ratziu, Julien Massard, Frederic Charlotte, Djamila Messous, Françoise Imbert-Bismut, Luninita Bonyhay, Mohamed Tahiri, Mona Munteanu, Dominique Thabut, Jean François Cadranel, Brigitte Le Bail, Victor de Ledinghen and Thierry Poynard

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A bleeding pseudoaneurysm in patients with chronic pancreatitis is a rare and potentially lethal complication. Optimal treatment of bleeding peripancreatic pseudoaneurysm remains controversial. This study repo...

    Authors: Jun-Te Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Chien-Fu Hung, Han-Ming Chen, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yi-Yin Jan and Miin-Fu Chen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common problem and its most common etiology is peptic ulcer disease. Ulcer rebleeding is considered a perilous complication for patients. To reduce the rate of rebleeding and to ...

    Authors: Manouchehr Khoshbaten, Ebrahim Fattahi, Nosratollah Naderi, Farzaneh Khaleghian and Mohammadreza Rezailashkajani

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2006 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Steroid-based intensive medical therapy for severe ulcerative colitis is successful in 60–70% of such patients. Patients with complications or those refractory to medical therapy require emergency colectomy fo...

    Authors: Sujoy Pal, Peush Sahni, Girish K Pande, Subrat K Acharya and Tushar K Chattopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of commonly self-prescribed proton pump inhibitors (PPI) on the results of rapid urease test and histology for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection.

    Authors: Javed Yakoob, Wasim Jafri, Shahab Abid, Nadim Jafri, Zaigham Abbas, Saeed Hamid, Muhammad Islam, Kashif Anis, Hasnain Ali Shah and Hizbullah Shaikh

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The small intestine is extremely sensitive to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and a range of microcirculatory disturbances which contribute to tissue damage. Previous studies have shown that leptin plays an ...

    Authors: Alper Hacioglu, Cem Algin, Ozgul Pasaoglu, Ercument Pasaoglu and Gungor Kanbak

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:37

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cytoplasmic inclusion bodies within hepatocytes may have different etiologies, including the Endoplasmic Reticulum Storage Diseases (ERSDs). ERSD is a pathological condition characterized by abnormal accumulat...

    Authors: Z Simsek, O Ekinci, M Cindoruk, T Karakan, B Degertekin, G Akyol and S Unal

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:36

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Oxidative stress, an increase in oxidants and/or a decrease in antioxidant capacity, is one of the potential biochemical mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. We aimed to inv...

    Authors: Mehmet Horoz, Cengiz Bolukbas, Fusun F Bolukbas, Tevfik Sabuncu, Mehmet Aslan, Serpil Sarifakiogullari, Necla Gunaydin and Ozcan Erel

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:35

    Content type: Technical advance

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  35. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in epithelial cells lining the alimentary tract play an important role in both the elimination and activation of (pro-)carcinogens. To estimate the role of cytochrome P450 in carc...

    Authors: Ina Bergheim, Christiane Bode and Alexandr Parlesak

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:34

    Content type: Research article

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  36. HBV infection is a serious global heath problem. It is crucial to monitor this disease more closely with a non-invasive marker in clinical trials. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of serum hyaluronate...

    Authors: Ghodrat Montazeri, Arezoo Estakhri, Mehdi Mohamadnejad, Negin Nouri, Farhad Montazeri, Ashraf Mohammadkani, Mohammad Hossain Derakhshan, Farhad Zamani, Shahram Samiee and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:32

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are characterized by intestinal inflammation mainly caused by a disturbance in the balance between cytokines and increased complement (C) activation. Our aim wa...

    Authors: Erik Zimmermann-Nielsen, Henning Grønbæk, Jens Frederik Dahlerup, Gunnar Baatrup and Ole Thorlacius-Ussing

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:31

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Our aim was to determinate bone mineral density (BMD), levels of biochemical markers and cytokines in children with chronic hepatitis B treated with interferon (IFN)-alpha and to investigate effect of IFN-alph...

    Authors: Ali Gur, Bünyamin Dikici, Kemal Nas, Mehmet Bosnak, Kenan Haspolat and Aysegul Jale Sarac

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:30

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The use of Lamivudine in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is well known, however the reported rate of HBeAg sero-conversion and its durability post-treatment have varied considerably. We undertook the present study t...

    Authors: George Alexander, Chalamalasetty S Baba, Kamal Chetri, TS Negi and Gourdas Choudhuri

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  40. During clinical practice, we noticed that some patients with both ulcerative colitis (UC) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) showed amelioration of UC after treatment of CRS. This study was designed to identify ...

    Authors: Ping-Chang Yang, Tao Liu, Bin-Quan Wang, Tao-Yuan Zhang, Zi-Yuan An, Peng-Yuan Zheng and Dao-Fa Tian

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:28

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) has been reported to show considerable geographical variation in frequency and clinical manifestations. It is considered a rare cause of liver disease in India. The present study was...

    Authors: Gourdas Choudhuri, Sanjay K Somani, Chalamalasetty S Baba and George Alexander

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The magnitude of chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) varies substantially between the countries. A better understanding of incidence and/ or prevalence of HBV infection and associated risk factors p...

    Authors: Saeed Akhtar, Muhammad Younus, Salman Adil, Farrukh Hassan and Sarffraz Hussain Jafri

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2005 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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