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  1. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is currently implemented in many countries. Since endoscopes cannot be sterilised, the transmission of infectious agents through endoscopes has been a matter of con...

    Authors: Michael Bretthauer, Anita Jørgensen, Bjørn Erik Kristiansen, Bjørn Hofstad and Geir Hoff

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:15

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The muscle layers of murine gastric fundus have no interstitial cells of Cajal at the level of the myenteric plexus and only possess intramuscular interstitial cells and this tissue does not generate electric ...

    Authors: Yataro Daigo, Ichiro Takayama, Bruce AJ Ponder, Carlos Caldas, Sean M Ward, Kenton M Sanders and Masayuki A Fujino

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:14

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Phytobezoar may be a cause of bowel obstruction in patients with previous gastric surgery. Most bezoars are concretions of poorly digested food, which are usually formed initially in the stomach. Intestinal ob...

    Authors: Michail Pitiakoudis, Alexandra Tsaroucha, Konstantinos Mimidis, Theodoros Constantinidis, Stavros Anagnostoulis, George Stathopoulos and Constantinos Simopoulos

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:13

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Most of the previous studies regarding the effects of gel-forming fibres have considered the gastric emptying of liquid or solid meals after the addition of pectin or guar gum. The influence of locust bean gum...

    Authors: Gassan Darwiche, Ola Björgell and Lars-olof Almér

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:12

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Since its introduction in the early 1980s, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy has become the most popular method for performing a gastrostomy for long-term enteral feeding. It has been associated, however, wi...

    Authors: Kalliopi Papakonstantinou, Athanasios Karagiannis, Maria Tsirantonaki, Anastasios Konstantinidis, Spiros Spirou, Ion Skottis and Andreas Karabinis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:11

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Various causes of malabsorption syndrome (MAS) are associated with intestinal stasis that may cause small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Frequency, nature and antibiotic sensitivity of SIBO in patient...

    Authors: Ujjala Ghoshal, Uday C Ghoshal, Piyush Ranjan, Subhash R Naik and Archana Ayyagari

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:9

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Celiac disease may manifest with a variety of symptoms which can result in delays in diagnosis. Celiac disease is associated with a number of other medical conditions. The last national survey of members of th...

    Authors: Ann Cranney, Marion Zarkadas, Ian D Graham and Connie Switzer

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:8

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic accuracy of Child-Pugh and APACHE II and III scoring systems in predicting short-term, hospital mortality of patients with liver cirrhosis.

    Authors: Constantinos Chatzicostas, Maria Roussomoustakaki, Georgios Notas, Ioannis G Vlachonikolis, Demetrios Samonakis, John Romanos, Emmanouel Vardas and Elias A Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:7

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Gastric tuberculosis is rare, and usually associated with pulmonary tuberculosis or an immunodeficient state. Here, we report five cases of gastric tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients without evidence of ...

    Authors: Deepak N Amarapurkar, Nikhil D Patel and Anjali D Amarapurkar

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:6

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Proper histomorphological interpretation of intestinal acute graft versus host disease (A-GVHD) associated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is critical for clinical managaement. However, studi...

    Authors: Vinod B Shidham, Chung-Che Chang, Ganesh Shidham, Farrukh Ghazala, Paul F Lindholm, Bal Kampalath, Varghese George and Richard Komorowski

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:5

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  11. Content type: Case report

    The peculiar anatomy of pancreatic ducts in pancreas divisum (PD) may interfere with the development of acute chronic pancreatitis. In the presented case, PD influenced the evolution of lesions after pancreati...

    Authors: Evangelia G Chryssou, Panos Prassopoulos, John Mouzas, Thomas G Maris and Nicholas Gourtsoyiannis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:4

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Enhanced expression of MAdCAM-1 (mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1) is associated with the onset and progression of inflammatory bowel disease. The clinical significance of elevated MAdCAM-1 expressio...

    Authors: Makoto Sasaki, Paul Jordan, Jeff Houghton, Xianmin Meng, Makoto Itoh, Takashi Joh and J Steven Alexander

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:3

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenu...

    Authors: Mohammed Ibrarullah and Gajanan D Wagholikar

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:2

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In addition to immune cells, many other cell types are known to produce cytokines. Cultured normal mouse gallbladder epithelial cells, used as a model system for gallbladder epithelium, were examined for their...

    Authors: Christopher E Savard, Thane A Blinman, Ho-Soon Choi, Sung-Koo Lee, Stephen J Pandol and Sum P Lee

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:23

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Previous work has suggested that in the liver, adenosine preconditioning is mediated by nitric oxide. Whether the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase plays a part in this mechanism has however not yet...

    Authors: Ferdinand Serracino-Inglott, Ioannis T Virlos, Nagy A Habib, Robin CN Williamson and Robert T Mathie

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:22

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The cytotoxin associated gene A (cagA), and the vacuolating cytotoxin gene A (vacA) of Helicobacter pylori have been associated to phenotypic characteristics of virulence. The objectives of this study were to det...

    Authors: Gustavo Faundez, Miriam Troncoso and Guillermo Figueroa

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:20

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  17. Content type: Research article

    It has been suggested that intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin (BTX) may represent an alternative therapy to balloon dilatation in achalasia. The aim of the present study was to test the effectivenes...

    Authors: M Storr, P Born, E Frimberger, N Weigert, T Rösch, A Meining, M Classen and HD Allescher

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:19

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Gastroenterology 2003 3:32

  18. Content type: Research article

    Gastric ulcers are a frequent problem in the United States. Proton pump inhibitors have been shown to increase healing rates and improve clinical symptoms. The objective of this study is to compare gastric ulc...

    Authors: Maribel Salas, Alexandra Ward and Jaime Caro

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cathepsin B is thought to play a central role in intrapancreatic trypsinogen activation and the onset of pancreatitis. A recent investigation of the cathepsin B mediated activability of wildtype trypsinogen an...

    Authors: Niels Teich, Hans Bödeker and Volker Keim

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:16

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Bouveret's syndrome is an unusual presentation of duodenal obstruction caused by the passage of a large gallstone through a cholecystoduodenal fistula. Endoscopic therapy has been used as first-line treatment,...

    Authors: Mohammad M Alsolaiman, Christoph Reitz, Ali T Nawras, John B Rodgers and Benedict J Maliakkal

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:15

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Biochemical and histochemical studies have both previously indicated plasma membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in hepatocytes which has been assumed to be CA IV. However, immunohistochemical ...

    Authors: Seppo Parkkila, Antti J Kivelä, Kari Kaunisto, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila, Jukka Hakkola, Hannu Rajaniemi, Abdul Waheed and William S Sly

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:13

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate changes in H pylori infection prevalence in Greece during a ten-year period, and to examine its antigenic profile.

    Authors: Periklis Apostolopoulos, Irene Vafiadis-Zouboulis, Michael Tzivras, Dimitrios Kourtessas, Nicolaos Katsilambros and Athanasios Archimandritis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:11

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Intestinal tuberculosis is a rare disease in western countries, affecting mainly immigrants and immunocompromised patients. Intestinal tuberculosis is a diagnostic challenge, especially when active pulmonary i...

    Authors: Constantinos Chatzicostas, Ioannis E Koutroubakis, Maria Tzardi, Maria Roussomoustakaki, Panagiotis Prassopoulos and Elias A Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:10

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Endothelial MAdCAM-1 (mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1) expression is associated with the oxidant-dependent induction and progress of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Melatonin, a relatively safe, p...

    Authors: Makoto Sasaki, Paul Jordan, Takashi Joh, Makotoh Itoh, Michael Jenkins, Kevin Pavlick, Alireza Minagar and Steven J Alexander

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:9

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  25. Content type: Research article

    It has been suggested that one aspect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs induced intestinal damage is due to either uncoupling of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation or inhibition of electron transpo...

    Authors: S Somasundaram, R Simpson, S Rafi, JK Shergill, I Bjarnason and J Wrigglesworth

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:8

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been etiologically linked with primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) and gastric carcinoma (GC). There are a few reports of occurrence of both diseases in the same patient with H. py...

    Authors: Uday C Ghoshal, Debashish Guha, Santu Bandyopadhyay, Chiranjib Pal, Srikanta Chakraborty, Ujjala Ghoshal, Tamal K Ghosh, Bhaskar B Pal and Prabir K Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:6

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  27. Content type: Research article

    An increased prevalence of coeliac disease in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis has been recently reported. However, in other studies the association has not been confirmed. There have been no formal att...

    Authors: Costantinos Chatzicostas, Maria Roussomoustakaki, Dimitrios Drygiannakis, Maria Niniraki, Maria Tzardi, Mary Koulentaki, Philippos Dimoulios, Ioannis Mouzas and Elias Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:5

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Absorption of water and Na+ in descending colonic crypts is dependent on the barrier function of the surrounding myofibroblastic pericryptal sheath. Here the effects of high and low Na+ diets and exposure to whol...

    Authors: Jay R Thiagarajah, Nina M Griffiths, Kevin C Pedley and Richard J Naftalin

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:4

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Cholelithiasis is the gallstone disease (GSD) where stones are formed in the gallbladder. The main function of the gallbladder is to concentrate bile by the absorption of water and sodium. GSD has high prevale...

    Authors: Oleg Kleiner, Jagannathan Ramesh, Mahmoud Huleihel, Beny Cohen, Keren Kantarovich, Chen Levi, Boris Polyak, Robert S Marks, Jacov Mordehai, Zahavi Cohen and Shaul Mordechai

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:3

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Alcoholic hepatitis is characterized by acute, or acute-on-chronic hepatic failure and associated with a high mortality. Specific therapies should be considered for those at high risk of mortality. The Mayo En...

    Authors: Milan Sheth, Mark Riggs and Tushar Patel

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:2

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome measure in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The aim of our study was to assess HRQoL in a population of 135 Greek patients with IBD.

    Authors: Athanasios G Pallis, Ioannis G Vlachonikolis and Ioannis A Mouzas

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2002 2:1

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  32. Content type: Research article

    High dose interferon induction treatment of hepatitis C viral infection blocks viral production over 95%. Since dose reduction is often performed due to clinical considerations, the effect of dose reduction on...

    Authors: Frank C Bekkering, Avidan U Neumann, Johannes T Brouwer, Rachel S Levi-Drummer and Solko W Schalm

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:14

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Since the introduction of molecular diagnostic tools such as markers for hepatitis C and different autoimmune diseases, liver biopsy is thought to be useful mainly for staging but not for diagnostic purposes. ...

    Authors: Claudia Spycher, Arthur Zimmermann and Juerg Reichen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:12

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The only US guidelines listed in the National Guideline Warehouse for the diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) are the expert opinion guidelines published by The American Gastroenterology Association. A...

    Authors: Barbara P Yawn, Eva Lydick, G Richard Locke, Peter C Wollan, Susan L Bertram and Margary J Kurland

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:11

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Excessive loss of bile acids in stool has been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis. Some data suggest that a defect in mucosal bile acid transport may be the mechanism of bile acid malabsorption in these...

    Authors: Matthias Stelzner, Sivagurunathan Somasundaram, Sum P Lee and Rahul Kuver

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:10

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is a biologically aggressive disease with less than 20% of patients suitable for a "curative" surgical resection. This, combined with the poor 5-year survival indicates that effective palliat...

    Authors: Beverley G Fosh, Jonathon Guy Finch, Adrian A Anthony, Michael Texler and Guy J Maddern

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:9

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Sulfasalazine is a widely used anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and several rheumatological disorders. Although as many as 20% of treated patients may experience reversibl...

    Authors: Leonard G Quallich, Joel Greenson, Hilary M Haftel and Robert J Fontana

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:8

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Physicians' perspectives regarding hepatitis C shape their approach to patient management. We used utility analysis to evaluate physicians' perceptions of hepatitis C-related health states (HS) and their thres...

    Authors: Raj Patil, Scott J Cotler, Geraldine Banaad-Omiotek, Robert A McNutt, Michael D Brown, Sheldon Cotler and Donald M Jensen

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:6

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  39. Content type: Research article

    MAdCAM-1 is an adhesion molecule expressed in Peyer's patches and lymphoid tissues which is mobilized by cytokines like TNF-α and is a major determinant of lymphocyte trafficking to the gut in human inflammato...

    Authors: Tadayuki Oshima, Paul Jordan, Matthew B Grisham, Jonathan S Alexander, Merilyn Jennings, Makotoh Sasaki and Kenneth Manas

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:5

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C is a serious problem on the Greek island of Crete, where a high prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C (anti-HCV) has recently been reported. This article reports the findings of a study carr...

    Authors: Dimitrios Drygiannakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Drygiannakis, Georgios Pappas and Elias Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2001 1:4

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