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Colorectal cancer

This section concerns all aspects of colorectal cancer including but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Multiple polypoid colonic metastases are very rare which mainly originated from gastric carcinoma or melanoma. For rectal cancers, liver, lung and peritoneum are the most common metastatic sites. Here we prese...

    Authors: Yunlong Wu, Jiaolin Zhou, Tongtong Liu, Lai Xu and Yi Xiao

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:337

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Sphincter sparing surgery is oftentimes associated with bowel dysfunction complaints, namely the low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). The LARS questionnaire is widely used to assess this syndrome. The aim o...

    Authors: Hajar Essangri, Mohammed Anass Majbar, Amine Benkabbou, Laila Amrani, Raouf Mohsine and Amine Souadka

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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  3. We investigated the correlations between surgery-related factors and the incidence of anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection (LAR) for lower rectal cancer.

    Authors: Tetsushi Kinugasa, Sachiko Nagasu, Kenta Murotani, Tomoaki Mizobe, Takafumi Ochi, Taro Isobe, Fumihiko Fujita and Yoshito Akagi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) is a recently developed technique and can be performed during water-aided or ordinary colonoscopy for the treatment of colorectal polyps. The objective of this cl...

    Authors: Zhixin Zhang, Yonghong Xia, Hongyao Cui, Xin Yuan, Chunnian Wang, Jiarong Xie, Yarong Tong, Weihong Wang and Lei Xu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Poorly differentiated anal neuroendocrine carcinomas (ANECs) are rare lesions with poor prognosis, and the molecular etiology is only partially understood.

    Authors: Carl Christofer Juhlin, Henrik Falhammar, Magnus Kjellman, Jan Åhlén, Staffan Welin and Jan Calissendorff

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:290

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The incidence of mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas (MAA) has increased over the past three decades. Advanced stage tumor diagnosis is likely attributable to non-specific findings. Here we describe advanced ...

    Authors: Katerina Roma, Mark Baldwin, Daniel Sedmak, Matthew Silva, William Stellar and Gina Many

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:281

    Content type: Case report

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  7. African Americans (AA) are at high risk for Colorectal Cancer (CRC). Studies report a 30–60% increase in CRC risk with physical inactivity, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Activation of the WNT/β-catenin (CTNN...

    Authors: Babak Shokrani, Hassan Brim, Tahmineh Hydari, Ali Afsari, Edward Lee, Mehdi Nouraie, Zaki Sherif and Hassan Ashktorab

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Several DNA viruses are highly suspicious to have oncogenic effects in humans. This study investigates the presence of potentially oncogenic viruses such as SV40, JCV, BKV and EBV in patient-derived colorectal...

    Authors: Michael Gock, Marcel Kordt, Stephanie Matschos, Christina S. Mullins and Michael Linnebacher

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Tumor pyruvate kinase M2 isoform (tM2-PK), which is an isoform of PK-glycolytic enzyme and appears on the surface of cancerous proliferating cells, has been used as a diagnostic biomarker for colorectal cancer...

    Authors: Farideh Rigi, Aliakbar Jannatabad, Azra Izanloo, Reza Roshanravan, Hamid Reza Hashemian and Mohammad Amin Kerachian

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A recent study by Digby et al. in BMC Gastroenterology evaluated the faecal haemoglobin, age and sex test (FAST) score in the assessment of patients with lower bowel symptoms attended in primary healthcare. Th...

    Authors: Joaquín Cubiella

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:231

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The original article was published in BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:213

  11. In the recent years two innovative approaches have become available for minimally invasive en bloc resections of large non-pedunculated rectal lesions (polyps and early cancers). One is Transanal Minimally Invasi...

    Authors: Nik Dekkers, Jurjen J. Boonstra, Leon M. G. Moons, Roel Hompes, Barbara A. Bastiaansen, Jurriaan B. Tuynman, Arjun D. Koch, Bas L. A. M. Weusten, Apollo Pronk, Peter A. Neijenhuis, Marinke Westerterp, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Alexandra M. J. Langers, Jolein van der Kraan, Alaa Alkhalaf, Jonathan Y. L. Lai…

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:225

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. To compare the outcomes of modified endoscopic mucosal resection (m-EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and evaluate the value of endoscopic morphology class...

    Authors: Xiang-Yao Wang, Ning-Li Chai, En-Qiang Linghu, Shao-Tian Qiu, Long-Song Li, Jia-Le Zou, Jing-Yuan Xiang and Xing-Xing Li

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  13. En-bloc resection of large, flat dysplastic mucosal lesions of the luminal GI tract can be challenging. In order to improve the efficacy of resection for lesions ≥2 cm and to optimize R0 resection rates of les...

    Authors: A. Sportes, Jung CFM, M. A. Gromski, P. Koehler, A. Seif Amir Hosseini, P. Kauffmann, V. Ellenrieder and E. Wedi

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:195

    Content type: Technical advance

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  14. Alternative splicing (AS) is an important mechanism of regulating eukaryotic gene expression. Understanding the most common AS events in colorectal cancer (CRC) will help developing diagnostic, prognostic or t...

    Authors: Haifeng Lian, Aili Wang, Yuanyuan Shen, Qian Wang, Zhenru Zhou, Ranran Zhang, Kun Li, Chengxia Liu and Hongtao Jia

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, and germline mutations in SMAD4 or BMPR1A. Due to its rarity and co...

    Authors: Xian Hua Gao, Juan Li, Zi Ye Zhao, Xiao Dong Xu, Yi Qi Du, Hong Li Yan, Lian Jie Liu, Chen Guang Bai and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common malignant disease and the second most common cause of cancer death in Germany. Official CRC screening starts at age 50. As there is evidence that individuals w...

    Authors: Sabine Hoffmann, Alexander Crispin, Doris Lindoerfer, Gaby Sroczynski, Uwe Siebert, Ulrich Mansmann and FARKOR Consortium

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:131

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  17. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is the second most commonly used colorectal cancer (CRC) screening modality in the United States; yet, follow-up of abnormal FIT results with diagnostic colonoscopy is under...

    Authors: Vivy T. Cusumano, Edgar Corona, Diana Partida, Liu Yang, Christine Yu and Folasade P. May

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  18. It is unknown whether narrow-band imaging (NBI) could be more effective than high-definition white-light endoscopy (HD-WLE) in detecting serrated lesions in patients with prior serrated lesions > 5 mm not comp...

    Authors: Fausto Riu Pons, Montserrat Andreu, Dolores Naranjo, Marco Antonio Álvarez-González, Agustín Seoane, Josep Maria Dedeu, Luis Barranco and Xavier Bessa

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There are obviously ethnic differences between the UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms. Due to the difference of genetic background and environment, the treatment with colorectal cancer patients of Guangxi Zhuang should no...

    Authors: Shaojun Chen, Li Hua, Chengjun Feng, Qia Mo, Mengzhuan Wei, Yongqi Shen, Zhan Lin, Guisheng Li, Junyi Xu, Chengxian Guo and Haixin Huang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The database used for the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) derives participant information from primary care records. Combining predictors with FOBTs has shown to improve referral decisions and accu...

    Authors: Jennifer Anne Cooper, Ronan Ryan, Nick Parsons, Chris Stinton, Tom Marshall and Sian Taylor-Phillips

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Gastrointestinal system (GIS) malignancy with pregnancy is a very rare condition and is not common outside Japan. The incidence is between 0.025–0.1% for each pregnancy. GIS malignancies are diagnosed late in ...

    Authors: Mustafa Yildiz, Yesim Akgun, Hale Ozer and Veli Mihmanli

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The association between natural killer (NK) cells and survival in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients remains controversial. This study aimed to clarify the prognostic value of peripheral blood NK cells in CRC pa...

    Authors: Yan-ping Tang, Ming-zhi Xie, Ke-zhi Li, Ji-lin Li, Zheng-min Cai and Bang-li Hu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Asia-Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) score is effective to screen high-risk groups of advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACN) patients but needs revising and can be combined with the fecal immunochemical t...

    Authors: Xu-xia He, Si-yi Yuan, Wen-bin Li, Hong Yang, Wen Ji, Zhi-qiang Wang, Jian-yu Hao, Chuan Chen, Wei-qing Chen, Ying-xin Gao, Ling-bo Li, Kai-liang Cheng, Jia-ming Qian, Li Wang and Jing-nan Li

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:226

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Many patients present in primary care with lower bowel symptoms, but significant bowel disease (SBD), comprising colorectal cancer (CRC), advanced adenoma (AA), or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is uncommon...

    Authors: Jayne Digby, Judith A. Strachan, Craig Mowat, Robert J. C. Steele and Callum G. Fraser

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Gastroenterology 2020 20:231

  25. Clear evidence on the benefit-harm balance and cost effectiveness of population-based screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) is missing. We aim to systematically evaluate the long-term effectiveness, harms and ...

    Authors: Beate Jahn, Gaby Sroczynski, Marvin Bundo, Nikolai Mühlberger, Sibylle Puntscher, Jovan Todorovic, Ursula Rochau, Willi Oberaigner, Hendrik Koffijberg, Timo Fischer, Irmgard Schiller-Fruehwirth, Dietmar Öfner, Friedrich Renner, Michael Jonas, Monika Hackl, Monika Ferlitsch…

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hyperlipidaemia may be a potential risk factor for the occurrence of intestinal polyps. This study aimed to evaluate correlation between lipidaemia and the formation of colorectal polyps.

    Authors: Chenxi Xie, Pingwu Wen, Jingling Su, Qin Li, Yandan Ren, Yueyu Liu, Renze Shen and Jianlin Ren

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) to remove colon polyps is increasingly common in patients taking antithrombotic agents. The safety of EMR with submucosal saline injection has not been clearly demonstrated i...

    Authors: Daisuke Yamaguchi, Hisako Yoshida, Kei Ikeda, Yuki Takeuchi, Shota Yamashita, Amane Jubashi, Takahiro Yukimoto, Eri Takeshita, Wataru Yoshioka, Hiroko Fukuda, Naoyuki Tominaga, Nanae Tsuruoka, Tomohito Morisaki, Keisuke Ario, Seiji Tsunada and Kazuma Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  28. High cecal intubation rate (CIR) is associated with significant improved adenoma detection rate (ADR), however, self-reported CIR may be overestimated and inadequate documentation of cecal intubation is associ...

    Authors: Martin Buerger, Philipp Kasper, Gabriel Allo, Johannes Gillessen and Christoph Schramm

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are low in the general population and among health care providers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the CRC screening practices of general surgeons who provide spec...

    Authors: Suleyman Utku Celik, Hasan Gorkem Cay, Ersin Bayrakdar, Aysima Ince, Esra Nur Ince, Yasemin Celik, Yunus Emre Yucel, Mehmet Ali Koc, Siyar Ersoz and Cihangir Akyol

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Molecular characteristics of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colorectal cancer (CRC) have been well documented in Western, but not in Chinese, populations.

    Authors: Jiang Liu, Li Tang, Jinhua Yi, Guimei Li, Youwang Lu, Yu Xu, Shuhua Zhao, Rui Mao, Xiaolu Li, Li Ren and Kunhua Wang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) regulates diverse biological processes in cancers. Potential function of SNHG6 in human colon and rectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) was evaluated.

    Authors: Qianwen Shao, Jing Xu, Rong Deng, Wei Wei, Bing Zhou, Chao Yue, Miaoling Zhu and Haitao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) is one of the diagnostic modalities indicated for screening patients for Colorectal Cancer (CRC). Despite being approved only for screening for CRC, numerous studies in the p...

    Authors: Sarthak Soin, Olalekan Akanbi, Abdullah Ahmed, Yunha Kim, Sarbagya Pandit, Igor Wroblewski and Nasir Saleem

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Microvessel density (MVD), as a derived marker for angiogenesis, has been associated with poor outcome in several types of cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of MVD in stage II and III c...

    Authors: Sjoerd H. den Uil, Evert van den Broek, Veerle M. H. Coupé, Thomas T. Vellinga, Pien M. Delis-van Diemen, Herman Bril, Eric J. Th. Belt, Onno Kranenburg, Hein B. A. C. Stockmann, Jeroen A. M. Belien, Gerrit A. Meijer and Remond J. A. Fijneman

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Reports showed adenoma miss rates (AMRs) of 22.5–27% in the right colon and 23.4–33.3% in the proximal colon. Missed lesions could contribute to postcolonoscopy cancers. Water exchange (WE) with near-complete ...

    Authors: Chi-Liang Cheng, Yen-Lin Kuo, Yu-Hsi Hsieh, Jui-Hsiang Tang and Felix W. Leung

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The increasing life expectancy of individuals with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is likely to be associated with new age-related challenges, colorectal cancer (CRC) most notably; recent consensus recommendations for CRC s...

    Authors: James M. Abraham, Kathleen Mahan, Tetyana Mettler, Jordan M. Dunitz and Alexander Khoruts

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Our study aimed to determine the effect of probiotic consumption containing six viable microorganisms of 30 × 1010 cfu Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria strains for six months on clinical outcomes and inflammatory...

    Authors: Liyana Zaharuddin, Norfilza Mohd Mokhtar, Khairul Najmi Muhammad Nawawi and Raja Affendi Raja Ali

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in piecemeal technique is the treatment standard for larger flat or sessile colorectal lesions. The method is burdened by a high recurrence rate mostly presenting as difficul...

    Authors: Annabell von Helden, Ralf Hildenbrand, Bernd Sido and Franz Ludwig Dumoulin

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The effectiveness in surveillance colonoscopy largely depends on the quality of bowel preparation. We aimed to investigate the quality of bowel preparation segmentally and its effect on Adenoma Detection Rate ...

    Authors: Rui Guo, Yong-Jun Wang, Mo Liu, Jun Ge, Ling-Ye Zhang, Ling Ma, Wen-Yu Huang and Hui-Hong Zhai

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:119

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) have been reported to be at five to ten-fold risk (25 to 30 fold risk after solid organ transplant) of colorectal cancer (CRC) than the general population. Limited publications...

    Authors: A. G. Matson, J. P. Bunting, A. Kaul, D. J. Smith, J. Stonestreet, K. Herd, R. S. Hodgson and S. C. Bell

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Up to 30% of colorectal cancers develop through the serrated pathway. African Americans (AAs) suffer a disproportionate burden of colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicopathological fe...

    Authors: Mehdi Nouraie, Hassan Ashktorab, Nazli Atefi, Saman Azam, Taraneh Tarjoman, Edward Lee, Babak Shokrani, Ali Afsari, Akbar Soleimani, Adeyinka O. Laiyemo, Sanmeet Singh and Hassan Brim

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Colorectal cancer (CRC) originating from the right-sided or left-sided colon is distinct clinicopathological entity. The KRAS status and its prognostic value in CRC remain controversial. This study aimed to inves...

    Authors: Ming-zhi Xie, Ji-lin Li, Zheng-min Cai, Ke-zhi Li and Bang-li Hu

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:46

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Capecitabine plus bevacizumab (CAP-B) maintenance treatment after 6 cycles of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab (CAPOXB) has demonstrated clinical activity and failure to compromise quality of life in...

    Authors: Jinsong Su, Jiajie Lai, Ruikun Yang, Bo Xu, Ying Zhu, Mingdong Zhao, Chen Yang and Guanzhao Liang

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Gastric Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is linked with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric malignancy. This study aims to investigate the association of gastric H. pylori with colorectal adenomat...

    Authors: ChangxiChen, Yushan Mao, Juan Du, Yimin Xu, Zhongwei Zhu and Hongbao Cao

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2019 19:14

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Associations between colorectal cancer and microbiota have been identified. Archived fecal samples might be valuable sample sources for investigating causality in carcinogenesis and biomarkers discovery due to...

    Authors: Trine B. Rounge, Roger Meisal, Jan Inge Nordby, Ole Herman Ambur, Thomas de Lange and Geir Hoff

    Citation: BMC Gastroenterology 2018 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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