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Table 5 Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis of risk factors for GC and precancerous lesions in the Wannan region

From: Clinical applicability of a new scoring system for population-based screening and risk factors of gastric cancer in the Wannan region

Risk factors GC and precancerouslesions (n = 109) Non-GC or precancerous lesions (n = 910) OR 95% CI P
Age
  < 60 40 654 4.440 2.904–6.666  < 0.001
  ≥ 60 69 256    
Sex
 Female 9 219 3.345 1.662–6.732 0.001
 Male 100 691    
BMI
  < 18 27 84 0.474 0.673–1.202 0.900
 18–25 31 506    
  > 25 51 320    
Hp
 Negative 39 454 1.787 1.183–2.700 0.006
 Positive 70 456    
Family history of GC
 No 87 793 1.714 1.033–2.844 0.037
 Yes 22 117    
A history of smoking
 No 34 403 1.753 1.145–2.684 0.01
 Yes 75 507    
A history of drinking
 No 80 687 1.117 0.711–1.753 0.631
 Yes 29 223    
A high-salt diet
 No 47 581 2.330 1.588–3.484  < 0.001
 Yes 62 329    
Frequently eating pickled foods
 No 69 753 2.780 1.816–4.256  < 0.001
 Yes 40 157    
Frequently eating fried foods
 No 86 816 2.322 1.398–3.855 0.001
 Yes 23 94    
Frequently eating smoked foods
 No 98 838 1.306 0.670–2.548 0.433
 Yes 11 72    
Frequently eating barbecue foods
 No 102 847 1.065 0.496–2.286 0.872
 Yes 7 63    
Frequently eating overnight foods
 No 76 564 0.708 0.460–1.088 0.115
 Yes 33 346    
Frequent consumption of green vegetables
 No 46 209 0.408 0.271–0.615  < 0.001
 Yes 63 701    
Frequent consumption of fresh fruits
 No 63 382 0.528 0.353–0.790 0.002
 Yes 46 528    
Variable P value OR 95% CI
Multivariate analysis of risk factors for GC and precancerous lesions
 Age  < 0.001 5.934 3.695–9.529
 Sex  < 0.001 5.721 2.579–12.695
 Hp 0.003 1.992 1.255–3.163
 A history of smoking 0.007 2.028 1.213–3.392
 A high salt diet  < 0.001 2.877 1.807–4.580
 Frequently eating pickled foods 0.016 1.873 1.125–3.120
 Frequently eating fried foods 0.002 2.459 1.384–4.369
 Frequent consumption of green vegetables  < 0.001 0.388 0.242–0.620
  1. GC gastric cancer, BMI body mass index, Hp Helicobacter pylori, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval