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Table 4 Comparison of lesions with and without atrophy of the surrounding mucosa

From: Endoscopic features of oxyntic gland adenoma and gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type differ between patients with and without Helicobacter pylori infection: a retrospective observational study

  Atrophy group Non-atrophy group p value
Mean size ± SD, mm   7.8 ± 7.2 5.9 ± 3.6   0.176
Depth of invasion      0.963
 T1a (oxyntic gland adenoma) 17 56.7 82 54.7  
 T1b (GA-FG) 12 40.0 59 39.3  
 Not available 1 3.3 9 6.0  
Location      < 0.001
 Fornix 2 6.7 66 44.0  
 Cardia 0 0.0 26 17.3  
 Body 28 93.3 57 38.0  
  Upper third of the body 11   31   
  Middle third of the body 17   16   
  Lower third of the body 0   10   
 Angle 0 0.0 1 0.7  
 Antrum 0 0.0   0.0  
 Pylorus 0 0.0   0.0  
Morphology      0.035§
 0–I 0 0.0 3 2.0  
 0–IIa 13 43.3 91 60.7  
 0–IIb 13 43.3 43 28.7  
 0–IIc 3 10.0 9 6.0  
 0–IIa + IIc 1 3.3 4 2.7  
 0–III 0 0.0 0 0.0  
Macroscopic appearance      0.002
 SEL-like 8 26.7 87 58.0  
 Non SEL-like 22 73.3 63 42.0  
Color      0.196
 Similar to the color of the peripheral mucosa 6 20.0 51 34.0  
 Reddish 3 10.0 17 11.3  
 Whitish 9 30.0 38 25.3  
 Yellowish–white 10 33.3 38 25.3  
 Yellowish 2 6.7 6 4.0  
Vascular dilatation on the surface      0.584
 Present 17 56.7 93 62.0  
 Absent 13 43.3 57 38.0  
Black pigmentation on the surface      1.000
 Present 4 13.3 24 16.0  
 Absent 26 86.7 126 84.0  
  1. The atrophy group comprised lesions with atrophy of the surrounding gastric mucosa. The non-atrophy group comprised lesions without atrophy of the surrounding gastric mucosa
  2. SD standard deviation, GA-FG gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type, SEL subepithelial lesion
  3. T1a versus T1b
  4. Fornix and cardia versus others
  5. §Elevated versus depressed
  6. Similar to the color of the peripheral mucosa versus other