Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations of candidate predictors with the primary outcomes

From: A self-assessment tool for predicting discomfort and tolerance in Chinese patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy

  Odds Ratio [95% Confidence Interval]
Discomfort Tolerance
Univariate Final multivariate model Univariate Final multivariate model
Age (continuous) 0.98 [0.96, 0.99]   0.97 [0.96, 0.99]  
Sex (female vs. male) 1.34 [1.02, 1.76] 1.22 [0.89, 1.68] 1.35 [1.00, 1.81]  
BMI (continuous) 1.01 [0.97, 1.05]   1.02 [0.97, 1.06]  
Education level
 Secondary school vs. primary school or illiteracy 2.01 [1.29, 3.15] 2.32 [1.42, 3.80] 1.69 [1.04, 2.74]  
 Higher education vs. primary school or illiteracy 2.67 [1.58, 4.49] 2.65 [1.49, 4.70] 2.34 [1.33, 4.10]  
Family annual income
 30,000 – 300,000 Yuan vs. < 30 000 Yuan 1.15 [0.87, 1.52]   1.12 [0.82, 1.52] 1.19 [0.84, 1.70]
   ≥ 300,000 Yuan vs. < 30 000 Yuan 2.01 [1.01, 4.01]   2.09 [1.02, 4.29] 2.47 [1.07, 5.71]
 Current smoker, (yes vs. no) 1.08 [0.79, 1.49]   0.95[0.67, 1.34]  
 Current alcohol drinker, (yes vs. no) 0.91 [0.64, 1.30]   0.80 [0.55, 1.17]  
 Pharyngitis, (yes vs. no) 1.01 [0.84, 1.23]   0.91 [0.74, 1.13]  
 Snore, (yes vs. no) 0.98 [0.81, 1.19]   0.99 [0.80, 1.22]  
 Pharynx and larynx related symptoms, (yes vs. no) 0.95 [0.72, 1.24]   1.09 [0.81, 1.47]  
 Expected discomfort (continuous) 0.98 [0.84, 1.14] 1.38 [1.16, 1.65] 0.97 [0.82, 1.14] 1.14 [0.94, 1.38]
 Self-evaluated personal tolerance (continuous) 1.59 [1.34, 1.87]   1.39 [1.16, 1.65]  
 Anxiety before endoscopy (continuous) 1.85 [1.63, 2.10] 1.74 [1.51, 2.00] 2.32 [2.00, 2.69] 2.23 [1.90, 2.62]
 Pharyngeal sensitivity (ordinal) 1.22 [0.77, 1.95]   1.03 [0.62, 1.70]  
Mallampati classification (ordinal)
 Class II versus Class I 0.87 [0.60, 1.26]   0.91 [0.61, 1.36]  
 Class III versus Class I 0.74 [0.47, 1.15]   0.74 [0.45, 1.21]  
 Class IV versus Class I 1.15 [0.76, 1.75]   0.87 [0.55, 1.39]  
  1. BMI Body mass index