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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of segments, complications, treatment, and outcomes of pneumatosis intestinalis

From: Multicenter epidemiological survey of pneumatosis intestinalis in Japan

Characteristics Adjusted OR 95% CI P
Segment of bowel involved    
 Small-bowel-involved type    
  Age 1.05 (1.02–1.09) 0.0053
  Chronic kideny disease 13.19 (1.04–167.62) 0.0468
  a-glucosidase inhibitors 0.27 (0.07–1.01) 0.0519
Complicating pneumatosis intestinalis    
 Small-bowel-involved combined type 27.02 (4.80–152.01) 0.0002
 Symptomatic 16.24 (1.82–145.24) 0.0126
 Small-bowel-only type 3.94 (1.02–15.27) 0.0472
Treatment    
 Oxygen therapy    
  Past history of bowel obstruction 13.77 (1.31–144.55) 0.0288
  Proton pump inhibitors 3.14 (0.83–11.96) 0.0928
 Surgery    
  Complicating pneumatosis intestinalis 8.93 (1.10–72.78) 0.0408
  Small bowel only segment 6.21 (0.74–52.18) 0.9260
Outcomes of pneumatosis intestinalis    
 Exacerbation    
  Antihypertensives 12.28 (1.07–140.79) 0.0439
  Complicating pneumatosis intestinalis 11.77 (1.053–131.526) 0.0453
Prognosis of patients with pneumatosis intestinalis (death)    
 Complicating pneumatosis intestinalis 14.40 (1.09–189.48) 0.0425
  1. Bold indicate P-values less than 0.05