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Table 5 Associations of environmental conditions and fecal biomarkers of EED in children aged 24–59 months in rural northwest Ethiopia, May to June 2021

From: Fecal biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction and associated factors among children aged 24–59 months in east Dembiya district, northwest Ethiopia

Variables AAT MPO NEO EED
Adjusted beta (95% CI) Adjusted beta (95% CI) Adjusted beta (95% CI) Adjusted beta (95% CI)
Age of children     
 24–35 months Reference Reference Reference
 36–47 months 417.86 (− 319.76, 1155.47) 127.80 (− 78.31, 333.91)  − 0.78 (− 1.41, − 0.15)*
 48–59 months 714.00 (80.92, 1347.08)*  − 195.81 (− 372.53, − 19.09)*  − 1.267 (− 1.88, − 0.66)***
Households defecation practice     
 Open field 4.85 (− 8.21, 17.92) 884.80 (265.25, 1504.36)** 91.55 (− 81.61, 264.71) 0.71 (0.20, 1.23)**
 Sanitary latrine Reference Reference Reference Reference
Mouthing of soil contaminated materials     
 Yes  − 12.58 (− 32.73, 7.56) 1236.34 (275.32, 2197.35)* 383.79 (117.63, 649.96)** 0.97 (0.18, 1.76)*
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
E. coli recovered in soil     
 Yes 25.20 (4.25, 46.15)* 375.20 (− 618.00, 1370.39) 396.02 (119.98, 672.06)** 1.00 (0.18, 1.82)*
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
E. coli recovered in water     
 Yes 5.27 (− 11.88, 22.42) 1865.46 (1035.41, 2695.51)*** 151.71 (− 79.68, 383.10) 1.53 (0.85, 2.22)***
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
E. coli recovered in food     
 Yes 4.44 (− 10.76, 19.63) 758.50 (26.31, 1490.70)* 133.86 (− 70.51, 338.23) 0.45 (− 0.16, 1.06)
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
Intestinal parasites     
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Single parasites 80.03 (62.00, 98.07)*** 85.94 (− 768.95, 940.84) 236.39 (− 2.41, 475.18) 1.40 (0.69, 2.11)***
Multiple parasites 106.09 (82.91, 129.27)*** 1564.85 (445.57, 2684.12)** 363.86 (52.07, 675.65)* 2.69 (1.79, 3.61)***
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05, **Statistically significant at p < 0.01, ***Statistically significant at p < 0.001, - p > 0.2 in the bivariate analysis