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Table 4 Access to drinking water sources and water handling practices in the rural households in the east Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia, May–June 2021, (n = 372)

From: Fecal indicator bacteria along multiple environmental exposure pathways (water, food, and soil) and intestinal parasites among children in the rural northwest Ethiopia

Drinking water supply related variables Frequency Percent
Drinking water sources
 Ground water 283 76.1
 Surface water 89 23.9
Drinking water sources
 Protected 176 47.3
 Unprotected 196 52.7
Water sources provide water throughout the year
 Yes 230 61.8
 No 142 38.2
How far the water sources located from the dwelling
 Within 1 km radius 294 79.0
 More than 1 km away 78 21.0
Volume of water collected
  < 20 l/c/d 299 80.4
\(\ge\) 20 l/c/d 73 19.6
Type of water storage containers
 Narrow mouthed containers 284 76.3
 Wide mouthed containers 88 23.7
Water storage containers are clean
 Yes 206 55.4
 No 166 44.6
The water storage containers are properly covered at the time of the survey
 Yes 243 65.3
 No 129 34.7
The water is turbid
 Yes 59 15.9
 No 311 84.1
Homebased water treatment
 No 358 96.2
 Water guard 6 1.6
 Boiling 8 2.2