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Table 2 Hand hygiene practice of mothers or care givers and children in the rural settings of the east Dembiya district, northwest Ethiopia, May–June 2021, (n = 372)

From: Fecal indicator bacteria along multiple environmental exposure pathways (water, food, and soil) and intestinal parasites among children in the rural northwest Ethiopia

Hand hygiene practice Frequency Percent
Mothers or care givers always washed hands
 After visiting toilet 266 71.5
 After defecating a child 276 74.2
 Before feeding a child 362 97.3
 Before preparing foods 296 79.6
 After handling rubbish 326 87.6
 After touching animals 304 81.7
What mothers or care givers usually used to wash hands
 Water alone 157 42.2
 Soap 130 34.9
 Leaf 17 4.6
 Ash 54 14.5
How mothers or care givers washed hands during the observation
 Used soap 118 31.7
 Used ash 21 5.6
 Thoroughly rubbed all parts of the hand for at least 20 s 65 17.5
 Wiped hands on their cloth after washing 44 11.8
 Dried in the air after washing 328 88.2
Mothers or care givers always washed hands of children after playing
 Yes 122 32.8
 No 250 67.2
Mothers or care givers always washed hands of children before eating
 Yes 200 53.8
 No 172 46.2
Mothers or care givers kept fingernails short and clean
 Yes 119 32.0
 No 253 68.0
Children kept fingernails short and clean
 Yes 157 42.2
 No 215 57.8
Children mouthed soil material
 Yes 247 66.4
 No 125 33.6