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Table 4 Postoperative mortality and morbidity according to the pathological diagnosis

From: Vater’s ampullary carcinoma increases the risk of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A retrospective and propensity score-matched analysis

Variables Before PS matching After PS matching
VAC (n = 94), n (%) Non-VAC (n = 169), n (%) P value VAC (n = 59), n (%) non-VAC (n = 59), n (%) P value
CR-POPF, n (%) 44 (46.8) 55 (32.5) 0.022 28 (47.5) 16 (27.1) 0.025
Biliary leakage, n (%) 6 (6.3) 10 (5.9) 0.880 4 (6.8) 3 (5.1) 0.697
Chylous fistula, n (%) 12 (12.7) 19 (11.2) 0.713 10 (16.9) 9 (15.3) 0.802
DGE, n (%) 35 (37.2) 59 (34.9) 0.706 20 (33.9) 21 (35.6) 0.847
PPH, n (%) 8 (8.5) 14 (8.3) 0.949 5 (8.5) 3 (5.1) 0.464
Major postoperative complications, n (%) 26 (27.6) 31 (18.3) 0.079 13 (22.0) 7 (11.9) 0.141
Wound infection, n (%) 6 (6.3) 8 (4.7) 0.723 5 (8.5) 2 (3.4) 0.242
Intra-abdominal infection, n (%) 49 (52.1) 57 (33.7) 0.004 30 (50.9) 17 (28.8) 0.015
Bacteremia, n (%) 6 (6.3) 8 (4.7) 0.568 2 (3.4) 3 (5.1) 0.648
Pneumonia, n (%) 1 (1.1) 7 (4.1) 0.164 1 (1.7) 2 (3.4) 0.559
Urinary tract infection, n (%) 1 (1.1) 2 (1.2) 0.930 1 (1.7) 1 (1.7) 1.000
  1. VAC: Vater’s ampullary carcinoma; CR-POPF: clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (Grade B/ C); PPH: post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage; DGE: delayed gastric emptying; PS: propensity score