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Table 1 Patient characteristics and baseline variables in the experience cohort (2008–2012)

From: Extremity risk factors of sepsis for gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients with liver cirrhosis

  Sepsis following EGD and CFS P value
Present (n = 36) Absent (n = 306)
Recipient age (year) 53.4 ± 7.3 54.6 ± 8.7 0.401
Male sex, n (%) 29 (80.6) 230 (75.2) 0.475
Body weight (kg) 70.9 ± 14.2 67.0 ± 13.3 0.225
MELD score 14.78 ± 4.66 12.11 ± 6.18 0.013
Child–Pugh score 9.53 ± 2.04 7.68 ± 2.37  < 0.001
Child–Pugh classification, n (%)     < 0.001
 A 3 (8.3) 113 (36.9)  
 B 13 (36.1) 123 (40.2)  
 C 20 (55.6) 70 (22.9)  
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 5 (13.9) 56 (18.3) 0.513
Hypertension, n (%) 4 (11.1) 23 (7.5) 0.449
Primary liver disease, n (%)    
 HBV 17 (42.7) 143 (46.7) 0.955
 HCV 15 (41.7) 109 (35.6) 0.475
 Alcoholic 2 (5.6) 21 (6.9) 0.767
 HCC positive 15 (41.7) 192 (62.7) 0.014
Ascites* (ml) 550 (3375) 0 (750) 0.180
Ascites* > 1L, n (%) 18 (50.0%) 75 (24.5%) 0.001
Hepatic hydrothorax#, n (%) 5 (13.9%) 8 (2.6%) 0.001
Prophylactic antibiotic, n (%) 1 (2.8%) 42 (13.7%) 0.061
Laboratory    
 WBC (× 109/L) 3.7 ± 2.5 4.2 ± 2.9 0.288
 Platelet (109/L) 49.0 ± 25.3 64.4 ± 42.7 0.002
 Albumin (g/dL) 2.7 ± 0.5 3.2 ± 0.6  < 0.001
 Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 2.1 (2.5) 1.5 (1.4)  < 0.001
 Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.8 ± 0.5 0.8 ± 0.3 0.430
Prothrombin time (second) 14.4 ± 2.4 12.8 ± 2.4  < 0.001
  1. Data are shown as the mean ± standard deviation, number (%), and median (interquartile range (IQR) 25–75) unless otherwise stated
  2. *Evacuated and estimated at time of abdominal incision
  3. #Hepatic hydrothorax: pleural effusion > 500 cc
  4. MELD: Model for End stage Liver Disease