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Table 5 Stratified associations between CMI and NAFLD by age, sex, BMI, and habit of exercise

From: Association between the cardiometabolic index and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: insights from a general population

Subgroup No. of participants Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P for interaction
Age (years)     0.0010
 18–30 645 9.72 (5.49, 17.21) 2.63 (1.45, 4.78)  
 31–45 8204 3.75 (3.47, 4.07) 1.38 (1.27, 1.51)  
 46–60 4906 2.42 (2.23, 2.62) 1.18 (1.09, 1.29)  
 > 60 487 1.66 (1.35, 2.04) 1.14 (0.93, 1.40)  
Sex     0.0045
 Women 6840 5.23 (4.50, 6.07) 1.58 (1.34, 1.87)  
 Men 7402 2.26 (2.13, 2.39) 1.26 (1.17, 1.35)  
BMI (kg/m2)     0.1705
 < 18.5 1543 4.51 (0.80, 25.27) 1.83 (0.21, 16.01)  
 ≥ 18.5, < 24 9334 2.37 (2.19, 2.57) 1.33 (1.22, 1.46)  
  ≥ 24, < 28 2721 1.75 (1.61, 1.89) 1.22 (1.12, 1.32)  
  ≥ 28 644 2.26 (1.78, 2.87) 1.50 (1.19, 1.89)  
Habit of exercise     0.0851
 Yes 2468 3.19 (3.00, 3.39) 1.31 (1.22, 1.41)  
 No 11,774 2.54 (2.22, 2.89) 1.18 (1.05, 1.32)  
  1. OR: odds ratios; other abbreviations as in Table 1
  2. Adjusted for: sex, BMI, WHtR, GGT, HDL-C, TC, FPG, drinking status and SBP