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Table 1 Characteristics of the subject

From: Association between the cardiometabolic index and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: insights from a general population

  CMI quartile P-value
  Q1 (0.01–0.13) Q2 (0.13–0.23) Q3 (0.23–0.43) Q4 (0.43–7.99)
No. of subjects 3561 3560 3560 3561  
Age, years 40.00 (35.00, 46.00) 42.00 (36.00, 49.00) 44.00 (38.00, 51.00) 45.00 (39.00, 52.00)  < 0.001
Sex       < 0.001
 Women 2792 (78.40%) 2094 (58.82%) 1320 (37.08%) 634 (17.80%)  
 Men 769 (21.60%) 1466 (41.18%) 2240 (62.92%) 2927 (82.20%)  
Weight, kg 51.30 (46.80, 56.70) 55.90 (50.00, 62.90) 61.70 (55.00, 68.30) 69.00 (62.10, 76.30)  < 0.001
Height, cm 161.78 ± 7.49 163.61 ± 8.59 165.66 ± 8.52 168.12 ± 7.94  < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 19.95 ± 2.12 21.18 ± 2.48 22.54 ± 2.69 24.59 ± 3.10  < 0.001
WC, cm 69.35 ± 6.37 73.44 ± 7.34 77.87 ± 7.50 84.06 ± 7.84  < 0.001
NAFLD 45 (1.26%) 212 (5.96%) 625 (17.56%) 1621 (45.52%)  < 0.001
WHtR 0.43 ± 0.04 0.45 ± 0.04 0.47 ± 0.04 0.50 ± 0.05  < 0.001
ALT, IU/L 14.00 (11.00, 17.00) 15.00 (12.00, 19.00) 17.00 (13.00, 23.00) 23.00 (17.00, 32.00)  < 0.001
AST, IU/L 16.00 (13.00, 19.00) 16.00 (13.00, 20.00) 17.00 (14.00, 21.00) 19.00 (16.00, 24.00)  < 0.001
GGT, IU/L 12.00 (10.00, 15.00) 13.00 (10.00, 17.00) 16.00 (12.00, 22.00) 21.00 (15.00, 31.00)  < 0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.84 ± 0.37 1.57 ± 0.29 1.35 ± 0.25 1.08 ± 0.21  < 0.001
TC, mmol/L 4.85 ± 0.81 5.00 ± 0.80 5.18 ± 0.86 5.47 ± 0.87  < 0.001
TG, mmol/L 0.38 (0.30, 0.45) 0.60 (0.52, 0.70) 0.87 (0.75, 1.00) 1.48 (1.21, 1.91)  < 0.001
TG/HDL-C ratio 0.22 (0.17, 0.26) 0.39 (0.34, 0.44) 0.65 (0.56, 0.76) 1.33 (1.06, 1.84)  < 0.001
FPG, mmol/L 4.95 ± 0.39 5.08 ± 0.40 5.21 ± 0.38 5.34 ± 0.37  < 0.001
HbA1c, % 5.14 ± 0.30 5.15 ± 0.31 5.19 ± 0.33 5.24 ± 0.34  < 0.001
SBP, mmHg 107.26 ± 12.71 111.51 ± 13.66 115.81 ± 14.41 121.15 ± 14.73  < 0.001
DBP, mmHg 66.22 ± 8.97 69.25 ± 9.51 72.54 ± 9.95 76.47 ± 10.16  < 0.001
Habit of exercise       < 0.001
 No 2886 (81.04%) 2941 (82.61%) 2934 (82.42%) 3013 (84.61%)  
 Yes 675 (18.96%) 619 (17.39%) 626 (17.58%) 548 (15.39%)  
Drinking status       < 0.001
 Nor or less 3185 (89.44%) 2983 (83.79%) 2866 (80.51%) 2768 (77.73%)  
 Light 298 (8.37%) 438 (12.30%) 505 (14.19%) 513 (14.41%)  
 Moderate 78 (2.19%) 139 (3.90%) 189 (5.31%) 280 (7.86%)  
Smoking status       < 0.001
 Nor 2881 (80.90%) 2437 (68.46%) 1929 (54.19%) 1495 (41.98%)  
 Past 388 (10.90%) 567 (15.93%) 745 (20.93%) 856 (24.04%)  
 Current 292 (8.20%) 556 (15.62%) 886 (24.89%) 1210 (33.98%)  
  1. Values were expressed as mean (SD) or medians (quartile interval) or n (%)
  2. NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; BMI, body mass index; WC, Waist circumference; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; GGT, gamma-glutamyl transferase; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, Diastolic blood pressure; CMI, cardiometabolic index