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Fig. 5 | BMC Gastroenterology

Fig. 5

From: Combined application of chondroitinase ABC and photobiomodulation with low-intensity laser on the anal sphincter repair in rabbit

Fig. 5

Gene and protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in injury site of external anal sphincter after laser, chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) and combination of laser and ChABC (Laser + ChABC) treatments. VEGF expression are observed in laser and ChABC groups (green). ***, represent significant level at p < 0.0001 with intact group. ###, represent significant level at p < 0.0001 with sphincterotomy group. $$$, represent significant level at p < 0.0001 with ChABC group. †††, represent significant level at p < 0.0001 with laser group. Data are presented as means ± SEM (n = 3 animal per group). Real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry of external anal sphincter, rabbit (×10)

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