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Table 1 Comparison of nutrient intake between patients in the two groups

From: Dietary triggers of gut inflammation following exclusive enteral nutrition in children with Crohn’s disease: a pilot study

  Group A (n = 7) Group B (n = 7) p value p value adj
Total energy (kcal) 2057 (1916, 2305) 1906 (1473, 2252) 0.365 0.217
Total energy (% EAR) 97.2 (89.2, 118) 85.7 (69.3, 105) 0.08 0.177
Fat (g) 71.6 (65.7, 82.5) 75.3 (63, 83.6) 0.764 0.719
Fat (% kcal) 32.3 (28.4, 35.5) 33.8 (30.6, 35.6) 0.418 0.317
SFA (g) 25.0 (24.3, 33.1) 29.0 (24.8, 37.4) 0.602 0.533
SFA (% kcal) 11.7 (10.5, 13.9) 13.1 (10.9, 15.2) 0.381 0.269
MUFA (g) 27.1 (20.9, 27.7) 21.8 (17.5, 24.5) 0.237 0.315
MUFA (% kcal) 10.9 (9.8, 12.0) 10.5 (9.7, 11.5) 0.463 0.78
PUFA (g) 11.5 (9.8, 12.9) 9.4 (6.9, 10.8) 0.082 0.236
PUFA (% kcal) 4.8 (3.8, 6.5) 4.3 (4.1, 5.1) 0.336 0.887
Carbohydrates (g) 267 (239, 303) 246 (225, 284) 0.415 0.19
Carbohydrates (% kcal) 52.5 (48.5, 56.0) 51.6 (49, 56.9) 0.831 0.807
Sugars (g) 97.4 (84.1, 105) 93.3 (89.1, 118) 0.636 0.393
Sugars (% kcal) 18.9 (16.2, 22) 21.4 (20.9, 24.2) 0.175 0.393
Dietary fibre (g) 12.1 (11.2, 19.9) 9.9 (7.6, 12.1) 0.03 0.068
Dietary fibre (% RNI) 55 (46, 99.5) 44.8 (30.3, 48.5) 0.023 0.071
Starch (g) 146 (105, 154) 126 (120, 144) 0.366 0.216
Protein (g) 82.2 (73.7, 90.2) 65.4 (37.2, 89.5) 0.179 0.159
Protein (% kcal) 16.8 (13.8, 17.3) 14.9 (10.7, 15.9) 0.135 0.196
Protein (% RNI) 262 (195, 291) 211 (88.4, 215) 0.026 0.069
Vitamin A (µg) 485 (451, 762) 695 (485, 1000) 0.709 0.464
Vitamin A (% RNI) 80.8 (75.2, 153) 139 (80.8, 167) 0.948 0.617
Vitamin D (µg) 1.2 (0.9, 1.6) 0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 0.536 0.844
Vitamin C (mg) 115 (62.1, 127) 102 (77.6, 117) 0.909 0.871
Vitamin C (% RNI) 362 (207, 401) 291 (194, 389) 0.821 0.743
Thiamine (mg) 1.8 (1.2, 2.2) 1.4 (0.8, 1.9) 0.297 0.483
Thiamine (% RNI) 251 (171, 310) 159 (101, 212) 0.068 0.214
Vitamin B2 (mg) 1.3 (1.1, 1.7) 1.4 (1, 1.8) 0.608 0.352
Vitamin B2 (% RNI) 141 (112, 174) 129 (103, 153) 0.343 0.404
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.3 (1.6, 2.8) 2.2 (1.7, 3.2) 0.938 0.548
Vitamin B6 (% RNI) 234 (141, 276) 184 (145, 267) 0.63 0.772
Niacin (mg) 34.3 (26.8, 42.5) 32.3 (25.8, 37.3) 0.338 0.323
Niacin (% RNI) 283 (224, 354) 231 (172, 249) 0.104 0.143
Folic acid (µg) 215 (163, 306) 211 (172, 294) 0.784 0.71
Folic acid (% RNI) 139 (81.5, 204) 106 (86, 147) 0.374 0.859
Vitamin B12 (µg) 3.4 (2.9, 4.9) 3.6 (2.8, 4.9) 0.89 0.472
Vitamin B12 (% RNI) 337 (195, 412) 324 (187, 414) 0.828 0.567
Pantothenic acid (mg) 4.8 (4.2, 5.7) 4.2 (3.2, 6.6) 0.454 0.708
Biotin (µg) 24 (22.1, 27) 22.1 (16.2, 39) 0.893 0.357
Vitamin E (mg) 6.4 (3.6, 7.6) 6.1 (4.5, 6.5) 0.816 0.717
Sodium (mg) 2084 (1977, 2834) 2073 (1399, 2682) 0.528 0.365
Sodium (% RNI) 130 (124, 177) 130 (87.4, 168) 0.528 0.365
Chloride (mg) 3307 (2368, 4315) 3647 (2180, 3756) 0.484 0.49
Chloride (% RNI) 167 (94.7, 238) 146 (121, 150) 0.244 0.362
Potassium (mg) 2293 (1930, 3068) 2326 (1807, 2617) 0.468 0.651
Potassium (% RNI) 115 (99, 223) 84.4 (72.4, 96) 0.127 0.4
Calcium (mg) 1068 (718, 1323) 1103 (645, 1470) 0.942 0.951
Calcium (% RNI) 128 (93.3, 157.2) 102 (79.6, 115) 0.142 0.571
Phosphorus (mg) 1241 (1005, 1323) 1103 (814, 1470) 0.527 0.821
Phosphorus (% RNI) 241 (171, 290) 177 (130, 191) 0.04 0.174
Magnesium (mg) 262 (187, 285) 207 (179, 270) 0.53 0.981
Magnesium (% RNI) 101 (66.8, 142) 82.3 (68.8, 90.1) 0.218 0.692
Iron (mg) 10.9 (7.9, 14.1) 8.9 (8.2, 12.7) 0.414 0.979
Iron (% RNI) 114 (69.6, 148) 76.4 (73.5, 112) 0.257 0.886
Zinc (mg) 11.4 (6.70, 13.8) 7.8 (6.35, 10.2) 0.393 0.745
Zinc (% RNI) 153 (95.7, 164) 106 (86.7, 117) 0.179 0.474
Copper (mg) 0.99 (0.95, 1.55) 1.07 (0.76, 1.26) 0.443 0.857
Copper (% RNI) 136 (95, 221) 111 (95.4, 134) 0.268 0.964
Iodine (µg) 91.7 (80, 117) 117 (90.3, 162) 0.468 0.322
Iodine (% RNI) 77.4 (70.5, 106) 102 (64.5, 124) 0.811 0.46
Selenium (µg) 42 (31, 49.3) 30 (24, 54.7) 0.382 0.762
Selenium (% RNI) 110 (67.4, 153) 73.3 (44.4, 121) 0.159 0.531
Cholesterol (mg) 208 (160, 286) 203 (73, 268) 0.464 0.506
Carotene (ug) 1561 (325, 3497) 950 (179, 1939) 0.370 0.415
  1. Group A: patients with faecal calprotectin levels above the median levels at food reintroduction, Group B: patients with faecal calprotectin values below the median levels at food reintroduction. p value adj: p value adjusted for faecal calprotectin levels at the end of EEN. Values are presented as medians (Q1, Q3). EAR: Estimated average requirement, MUFA: Monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acids, RNI: Reference nutrient intake, SFA: Saturated fatty acids