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Table 1 List of probiotics with potential activity against H. pylori infection by in vitro and in vivo studies

From: Probiotics as the live microscopic fighters against Helicobacter pylori gastric infections

Probiotic name Potential activity Human/animal/in-vitro examination Country Ref
L. salivarius WB1004 Inhibition of colonization, lactic acid BALB/c mice Japan [62]
L. acidophilus (johnsonii) La1 Inhibition of colonization, lactic acid, H2O2, bacteriocins Human Switzerland [63]
L. johnsonii La1 Inhibition of colonization, lactic acid, H2O2, bacteriocins Human Switzerland [64]
L. acidophilus CRL 639 Autolysins, lactic acid In-vitro Sweden [65]
L. gasseri OLL 2716 Anti-inflammatory activity, lactic acid Human Japan [66]
L. reuteri Anti-inflammatory activity (inhibition of IL-8 synthesis), lactic acid In-vitro Canada [67]
L. casei Shirota Biocine, lactic acid, Inhibition of colonization Human Netherlands [68]
L. casei Shirota Biocine, lactic acid, Inhibition of colonization C57BL/6 mice Greece [69]
L. brevis Arginine deiminase activity, inhibition of colonization Human Italy [70]
L. rhamnosus R0011 and L. acidophilus R0052 Inhibition of colonization, lactic acid C57BL/6 mice Canada [71]
L. salivarius Lactic acid, bacteriocin In-vitro Ireland [72]
L. bulgaricus BB18 and Enterococcus faecium MH3 Lactic acid, bulgaricin BB18, enterocin MH3 In-vitro Bulgaria [73]
L. brevis BK11 and E. faecalis BK61 Lactic acid, bacteriocin In-vitro Korea [74]
L. lactis A164 and L. lactis BH5 Lactic acid, lacticin A164, lacticin BH5 In-vitro Korea [75]
Bacillus clausii inhibition of colonization (bacterial cell and spores) Human Italy [76]
B. subtilis Amicoumacin A In-vitro France [77]
Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria Lactic acid Human Germany [78]
Weissella confusa PL9001 Bacteriocin, inhibition of colonization In-vitro Korea [79]
E. faecium GM-1 Lactic acid, bacteriocin? In-vitro South Korea [80]
E. faecium TM39 Lactic acid, bacteriocin In-vitro Taiwan [81]
Saccharomyces boulardii Anti-inflammatory activity Human Romania [82]
L. reuteri ATCC 55730 Reuterin Human Italy [83]
L. rhamnosus JB3 Antagonist of AI‐2 In-vitro Taiwan [84]