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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Obesity and metabolic abnormalities as risks of alcoholic fatty liver in men: NAGALA study

  No AFLD Incident AFLD P value
Number 472 168  
Exerciser, N (%) 93 (19.7) 24 (14.3) 0.12
Never smoker, N (%) 51 (10.8) 11 (6.5) 0.18
Ex smoker, N (%) 120 (25.4) 51 (30.4)  
Current smoker, N (%) 301 (63.7) 106 (63.1)  
Diabetes, N (%) 25 (5.3) 15 (8.9) 0.095
High blood pressure, N (%) 191 (40.5) 91 (54.2) 0.002
High blood glucose, N (%) 190 (40.3) 81 (48.2) 0.073
High triglycerides, N (%) 110 (23.3) 66 (39.3) < 0.0001
Low HDL-cholesterol, N (%) 49 (10.4) 39 (23.2) < 0.0001
Age, year 48 (14) 47 (14) 0.59
BMI, kg/m2 22 (3.1) 23.6 (3.8) < 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 125 (19.5) 128 (19.9) 0.002
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 80 (14) 82 (13) 0.005
Fasting blood glucose, mg/dl 97 (13) 99 (15) 0.063
HbA1c, % 5.1 (0.6) 5.2 (0.8) 0.2
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 196 (49) 201 (45.5) 0.02
Triglyserides, mg/dl 98 (79.8) 132 (124.7) < 0.0001
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dl 54.5 (21.5) 49.2 (20) < 0.0001
LDL-cholesterol, mg/dl 112 (41.4) 117.3 (37.8) 0.019
Non HDL-cholesterol, mg/dl 137.3 (47.5) 147 (44.5) < 0.0001
AST, IU/L 21(8) 22 (9) 0.87
ALT, IU/L 20 (11.7) 22 (12) 0.012
GGT, IU/L 38 (45.5) 42 (51.5) 0.078
Alb, g/dl 4.3 (0.3) 4.3 (0.3) 0.26
Platelet, 104/mL 23.2 (6.7) 23.2 (8.1) 0.93
FIB4index 0.97 (0.54) 0.89 (0.46) 0.064
NAFLD Fibrosis score − 2.55 (1.44) − 2.46 (1.53) 0.8
Alcohol consumption, g/week 490 (154) 492 (154) 0.16
  1. Data are expressed as frequency (percentages %) for categorical variables, or median (interquartile range) for continuous variables. Comparisons between the groups were performed with the Pearson's chi-square test for categorical variables and with the Mann–Whitney U test or Kruskal–Wallis test for continuous variables
  2. HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, BMI body mass index, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, AST aspartate-aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, GGT γ-glutamyltransferase, Alb albumin