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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses for the relationship between WHtR and incident NAFLD in different models

From: Waist-to-height ratio and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults

  Model 1 Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval)
Model 2* Model 3& Model 4#
WHtR (per SD increase) 4.06 (3.82, 4.31) 4.49 (4.20, 4.80) 1.84 (1.64, 2.08) 1.66 (1.45, 1.89)
WHtR (quintile)
 Quintile 1 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Quintile 2 8.34 (4.57, 15.22) 7.22 (3.95, 13.19) 4.11 (2.23, 7.57) 3.62 (1.92, 6.68)
 Quintile 3 29.06 (16.29, 51.86) 22.98 (12.86, 41.08) 7.47 (4.12, 13.53) 5.98 (3.30, 10.85)
 Quintile 4 81.66 (46.04, 144.87) 65.10 (36.62, 115.74) 12.42 (6.84, 22.53) 9.55 (5.24, 17.40)
 Quintile 5 213.92 (120.77, 378.93) 202.18 (113.80, 359.18) 15.42 (8.33, 28.53) 11.08 (5.94, 20.68)
P-trend  < 0.01  < 0.01  < 0.01  < 0.01
  1. Model 1 was the unadjusted model
  2. *Adjusted for sex and age
  3. &Adjusted for BMI, ALT, HDL-C, TG and height
  4. #Adjusted for sex, age, BMI, ALT, AST, habit of exercise, GGT, HDL-C, TC, TG, HbA1C, smoking status, FPG, SBP, height and drinking status