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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the NAFLD and non-NAFLD groups

From: Waist-to-height ratio and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults

  Non-NAFLD NAFLD P-value
No. of participants 11,744 2507  
Age (years) 42.00 (36.00–49.00) 44.00 (38.00–51.00)  < 0.01
Sex (male) 5382 (45.83%) 2029 (80.93%)  < 0.01
Habit of exercise (n%) 2093 (17.82%) 377 (15.04%)  < 0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 21.33 ± 2.61 25.50 ± 3.13  < 0.01
Height (cm) 164.11 ± 8.44 168.03 ± 7.90  < 0.01
Weight (kg) 56.70 (50.00–64.40) 71.20 (64.40–78.70)  < 0.01
WC (cm) 74.00 (68.00–79.50) 85.30 (81.00–90.50)  < 0.01
ALT (IU/L) 15.00 (12.00–20.00) 27.00 (20.00–39.00)  < 0.01
AST (IU/L) 17.00 (14.00–20.00) 20.00 (17.00–26.00)  < 0.01
GGT (IU/L) 14.00 (11.00–18.00) 23.00 (16.00–33.00)  < 0.01
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.52 ± 0.40 1.18 ± 0.29  < 0.01
TC (mmol/L) 5.06 ± 0.85 5.44 ± 0.87  < 0.01
TG (mmol/L) 0.65 (0.45–0.95) 1.24 (0.87–1.80)  < 0.01
HbA1c (%) 5.10 (4.90–5.40) 5.30 (5.10–5.50)  < 0.01
FPG (mmol/L) 5.09 ± 0.40 5.39 ± 0.36  < 0.01
SBP (mmHg) 111.91 ± 14.02 123.41 ± 14.83  < 0.01
DBP (mmHg) 69.69 ± 9.85 77.81 ± 10.19  < 0.01
WHtR 0.45 ± 0.04 0.51 ± 0.05  < 0.01
Smoking status    0.16
 Non 7561 (64.38%) 1185 (47.27%)  
 Former 1920 (16.35%) 639 (25.49%)  
 Current 2263 (19.27%) 683 (27.24%)  
Drinking status   /  < 0.01
 Non or small (< 40 g/w) 9717 (82.74%) 2088 (83.29%)  
 Light (40–139 g/w) 1472 (12.53%) 286 (11.41%)  
 Moderate (140–209 g/w) 555 (4.73%) 133 (5.31%)  
  1. Abbreviations as in Table 1